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KEDICAL l:;TtLLir.?r.CE «ti 

»j;ro=J-?ATio*< agl:.:y, 


September 1975 

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v : '■'■ski' 



September 1975 




Pate A 
Part 3 


Classical Theories and Exper iocnts- 
Currcnl Soviet /Czech Theorlva and 
Research Objectives— — — 


Part A B-sIc Research 

Part n Apr! ted Rcsearch- 










1. L'SSK - Af I illation Known 

2. L'SS': - Affiliation C:\kntwn 

3. C=«-. dor. iova«.ia - Affiliation Knocn 

4. C zc . iioilov.ikja A£ filiation Unknown 
















DST-lfilOS- 387-75 
September 1975 

Selected nlbllogr.vhy- 

Dat* Handling 

Distribution List 

Pilfi r No . 

Figure 1 
Figure- 2 
Figure 3 
Figure 4 
Figure 5 
Figure 6 
Figure 7 
Figun U 
Figure 9 

Coaparlson of US and Soviet Par*;>j»ycholoRy Ten 

Psychctronlc Model of Kan — ■■ — — 

Psychotropic C%. lerator 

Psycho crom c Oenerntor- 

Psychotronlc Gonerator- 

Psychotronlc Ccneratoi- 

?svchotronic Gcnerator- 

Psychotronlc Rotor 




September 197S 

Dunne, the past years, Soviet and Chechoslovakian p.irapbycho legists 
have rcp.rcVd that par.inciaal pLwoatiu such as extrasensory perception 
<ESP). i- lepathy. and psychokinesis <I'K) have horn ioscust rated uuder 
rlporousiy controlled laboratory conditions. Skeptics in both nations 
have attic«en the study of s-Jch phoaotDona cn both scicntil ic and political 
- Idcolo.-.iol croonis. Crltlcisn based on political ideology has strcswd 
fro* the I act that siuch past research has been non-mater i-il 1st ic in llie 
sense that results have not Keen reported in terr* of conrct»,»orary conven- 
tional science. Thus the critics feci that pa rapxycnol o T :y hua foste.ed 
continued belief In nysticisa. occultlso. and religion. 

In order to rebut the skeptics' contentions that psychic ? Vn<*cM do 
not fit accepted scientific and political lhou C »«i , Soviet and Cncch sci- 
entists new argue that there tr« aany well established "fact?" vhich reaain 
as «no-alous to scientific paradigms .is extrasensory perception (CSP). ESP 
refers la Information which Is not received vis the usual senses, and as 
• general tens. Include.- telepathy (the Scvlct •'blococttunlcatlon") and 
psychokinesis or TK (me Soviet "bt jcncrgrUcs"). CoaaunUt parapsycho- 
loglsts arg..e that alter decades of t«-searcS, conventional science still 
has no satisfactory ncurophvEiologlcal explanation of rcnory. nor Is there 
any appropriate --Kiel tor explaining how raw data lnpiaKlnf. en wn'i senses 
ore transformed into a conscious experience. Tncy also point to the detia- 
terlallied character of ccntcopo'ary physics, a science filled vlth such 
bixorre components as advance potential (waves of electrons perceived be- 
fore they are generated) , tunncllug effects (electrons penetrating barriers 
which, by the laws of probability, should br impenetrable ) . and tachyons 
(particles traveling faster than Hxht, and thus implying the possibi lit/ 
of a backward flow of liucl. In short, they conclude tha; "nard science 
no longer offers a secure rationale for the uenial of the possibility of 
«ny noncausal event. 





September 10/S 



SECTION I - background 

Parapsychology is a field Involvirj; research or the inforraational 
end energetic possibilities of the psychic and biophvsical activities 
of living organise. Parapsycholo.-.y invest Igates the rcplc. of phenomena 
relating to the interaction ot llvin,; orranfs-s with each other and with 
the surrounding envjronrxni without the LeJialion of the knoun %cnsc 
organs or of presently identified eiien-.y transfer noch.inl.-»e«. western 
parapsychologUts r«"ier to lh.« t cwlck ol phcr.cocna as extrasensory 
percent ion (£SP) and pat phentvscn.1. 1 

The Soviets prefer the tern biccotcnmlcatloos instead of parapsychol- 
ogy. P*i phenomena, or ESP. Olhtr Soviet teres which are equivalent to 
the -ens parapsychology include P >ychc physiology, psychot ronics. psycho- 
er.ergetics. -nd biophysical effects. The Soviet ten- bio. ooannicat tons 
csu be further suhdividr-d toto two general claasl f Wat ions : htolnloma- 
tlon and bloenorgetlcs. r.iblnf ornwt Iwn Includes«aal even's between 
living organisms (telepathy, precognition) and events he tweet; living 
organ ts=* and the m-Tninatc world, Moencrgctics denotes activities w(k 
as biological locator .-nd indicator techniques (dowsing), bloencrgellc 
therapv usln* elect Ic (ZSO fields, and psychokinesis, or the In- 
fluence of blocncrgy en tiattet. Del l:iit ions of the ten*j bloconmuni ca- 
tions, biolnfornation. and biocnerg^tle.s arc i« foilow^:' 


General: Bhicocnunlcatiow 

A branch of science involved with the h"x».-r. capability of obtain- 
ing inlonvition fr.« oi.her tnan '.he noraal senses and the ability 
to respond tT or re.iN<~iao ly interpret ^uch inl-'nrat. ion. Kio 
coerunicatlons. al>o synonycoun. wit!i p.irapsvcl-ol-;:y , is. however, 
dial Inc. fren other sclencs in it is prinarllv .once rued 
with detcrniciin,-. the nit ure ol a definite K ro ip „• naiural 
phen«tet:a cor.lroa.o by laws vn:<li .no not banco on .i>:v presently 
knoun energetic 


Those phenomena associated with the obtaining of information 
through ee^as other ttuii the naroal senfory channels, e.g. - 
throe f .h extrasensory perception (ESP). There are scvrral form* 
of ESP. including: 

». Telepathy, transmission, or "reading" of thournrs, 
refers to the extrasensory reception of information about 
the D«r.tal pr->cesses of others. 

b. Proscopy or precognition is a for» of ESP villi ii. 
under certain c i rcuast.tnces, involves crossing the barrier 
of tine to obtain infonsatioo about future events. 

c. Paragnosl* or clairvoyance refers to the extrasen- 
sory reception of Information about objective events In the 
oucer world. 

TYPE II: Mteiergeclcs 

Blomcrj'.ctlc-. involves phenomena associated with the production 
of objectively detectable effects through orans other than known 
energetic inf lucrcc-s. Secolnglv incredible effects l»ave been 
reported, nuch as the novcntr.t of distant objects without any 
detectable use cf physical force (psychokinesis or telekinesis), effects, transformations of energy, electro- 
magnet I - -ffocts arising vlthout adequate pnv3lc.1l cause, and 
chcolcal reactions ind biological processes occurrUfc throrgh 
nental concentration. 

A comparison cf L'S and Soviet parapsychology teres la Riven In 
Figure 1. 

Scptvabcr 1975 

TU\. 1 Coovarlson of US and Soviet Parapsychology Tens* (U) 



ParapsycholORy > < Biocoonuni :atlons 

PSI Phcnoacna ) < Psycho?hy=iolo<ry 

ESp ) Equals < Psychotrcolc* 

< Psychocm-r^ctlcr. 

( Biophysical EffccLs 

Biocosoun i cat I ona 

A. Biolnforeatlon 
b. Biocne rgetlc* 

Telepathy ) E<Jua i 9 Biolnformation 

Precognition ) 

Dowsing ) Equals Bioencrgetlcs 

Psychokinesis ) - 

In recent years. Chechoslovakian parapsychosis!* have bc R un using 
the tern "psycho cronies" in reference to all — pects of their paranormal 
pl^nooena res-arc:.. They define psychotropics as the study of tho*c 
borderline r-henoetena and signs of huaan existence that have a psycho- 
somatic base, but nanliest tbeasclves in such a way that they oore or 
less excied the fraawwerk of this base. Such phenomena include auto- 
aagfcstlen. hypnosis, telepathy, psychokinesis, and other rarano.T^l 
eifects and The Czech tetis docs not cnco«p.isa tlie study ct 
stlpuca. Icvitaticn. etc., since there are considered to be ha I lucln.icory 
states or processes and. as such, areas of investigation and trcatocnt 
core acpropriate tor osycholcRy ar psychiatry* lr - general, however, the- 
Czech science of t »y chot roni cs includes the stud/ ol all phenomena 
presently being investigated by Soviet and Western parapsy.-iK.lcgi&ts. 

September 1975 

Current Soviet and Czech r^apsycholoKlcal torso and nbieetlves haw 
evolved in a cllo-ite of fluciuat«nr political pressure, .scientists in 
pre-revolutlonary Russia studied parapsychoses as did later such Soviet 
scientist* as V..M. ttefeiucrev, A.C. Ivanov-SsoU-nsk;/. and 1 . H. kazhlu*-.? 
in the twenties and thirties.' In 1924. A.V UmaLlursky . Cwtsijr lor 
education, coo* the initiative in toraing a Soviet Comltl.r ior Psychical 
Research. As J result of Acadcoiclan V.H. Bekhtcrev's cnthusiasri lor the 
subject, extensive wo.k was financed at the l=nlverslty of Leningrad Insti- 
tute for Hrain Research. L. L. Vasllev. a foroer student of Kckhtercv a 
demonstrated to nis own satisfaction that telepathic Influence at a dis- 
tance uay indeed occur, work flourished throughout the thirties with 
research bcin K reported In the literature In 1934. 1936. ani 1937. Alter 
1937 furtier cxperi=*nts in the field of parapsychoses wire lorbidJ.-n. 
Duting St.iUn's tine, the study of paranormal phenomena wos interpreted 
as a deliberate atlcapt to underline the doctrines of ruter ial it.n. Tvh- 
pathy was treated as a nystlcal and antisocial superstition and notl in,; 
further w.ia heard of parapsychology in the Soviet Union until the late 
1950s. Then, as a result of Frear.»i newspaper articles, ruaors tieg..«i to 
circulate that Anerlcan rese^rrhor* had disproved the "brain-radio" t: rory 
as a result cf r.hlp-tc-shore telepathy experiaems involvin K the CS atonic 
•uboarlnc Nautilus. The Sautilos ' cxocrlacncs" prob.ihly zero Mythical, 
but the claiixs hud one tangible consequent ■*. : the Soviet authorities per- 
mitted Vajllcv, then Professor Physiol :rv Aid liolder ol the Order of 
Lcr.ln. to publish his own earlier work In which decades previously He 
had proven to his own satisfaction that r<idlo-lypc brain ..tves did not 
mediate telepathy. Vasilcv wa3 also allowed to open a unit, tor the study 
of parapsychology at '.ha Institute for 3r*Iti Resear-h. His work first 
reached the West with an t>..; U.«h tran»latit»i of his sinograph "Exi<rimc.-ts 
In Mental Suggestion" in 1963. The result was Ins'.r.nt international 
interest. Nuneroua Vci'.cn rcsearcners traveled to t'-e Soviet Unicn and 
found a fair a=oui»t of activity and interest In the param-naal. although 
the research approaches were frequently different from in the West. 
Soviet workers tende i to be far oore preoccupied with wholc-r,ody physical 
and biological effects rather than with the "ocntal" phenomena with which 
West -to researchers had long been preoccupied. 

Sooc of t.»e first parapsycholoRlsts to visit the Soviet Union alter 
the publication of Vast lev's work described the dif lorcnccs in utaospherc 
pervading two coo-oien-res in 1963 and 1968. I^rlne, the first, free 
cordial exchange of -lews was possible; the second was overshadowed '■>■■ a:i 
article in Pravda attackins parapsychology which '.arrely wrecked the ? »r=a 
pla^s for the prograa. Host of the Soviets declined to Siicuk, W.sler-. 
visitors were pressed to deliver l=proz>j>tu lectures, and the House r.l 
Friendship in Moscow its invitation to hold f»trt!i?r ercdnxs or 
allow filas to be shown there. rroo this tlcc onwards, wiih certain 

September 1975 

f luctuatlun*. official hostility towards p.iraprtyclu.'or.y Increased li> the 
Soviet Union, "it exaaplc, Soviet authorities toot the si run post possible 
oicertion to .» best-seller in the West. O.strander .mil S-^ro-der" n "Psychic 
Discover us -lehind tiic Iron Curtain.""' Idvard K. riaunov. then I'lnrlnr 
the Institute of Yechnical Parapsychology, Jloscow.b WJ „ cttt .j throughout 
a* the journalises' «ui>:o and oenvor. e ly , the V.«l;e of Ancrio 
ucaocd .1 radio proKrai into the Soviet "nion aliens.: ".^n tin- Schrucdvc .Mid 
Ostrer.dcr book, a broadcast tiiii was construed as a politically activated 
att«ck usins parapsychology as a weapon. Apart Iron this episode, it i* 
not entirely clear why Soviet officialdom should ha\e taken such fierce 
exception to a frankly popular, and rcther chaotic book, whlcli 
was not t iken seriously by sany Western scientists. The fa. i plausible 
interpret tlioa scens that the Soviets were worried they eight be 
believed iy the world's scientific ccmunity to be gelt-|»rocl aloed chanpl^n- 
ana leaders of para? syo::>loev. In fael. Soviet scier.t are Just as divi- 
ded anent: toenselves concerning narapsvcholor.y •« scientists elsewhere and 
sine* 197 >. a nurocr o: urenly cii'.lctl publications conccrn'nr. parapsy- 
chology research have ->pearcd in the Soviet Union. A lev oxonplos of atuh 
open Attack* foilow. 

In 1972. V.X. DU-ykhcr (a reputable Si-vl ,-t pub- 
lished a boo* titled 'Ta.^jrchol ony - Science or Supsrat j : Ion. " I" «n 
annotation tr> this bock '.-.o. ii 'act. as the- lead paragraph) BlejS'hjr 
jtated. "•»»•* l»t Is d»si.;rArd ' :'.c) to debunk parapsvehu Ja.:y ." The 
book bocan ulih such arcane an/ archiic topics as phrcnoloe.y (hoatlbtiup 
reading) md ended with . <"ir-tor prefaced by a cartoon showing » broue 
sweeping the Kussiaa w-..r«i ' parapsychology." out of the picture. The 
entire bias t: th? book vni to cuke a direct link between 19th century 
"spiritualist W 20tn ".jntury paraps>cbology . 

In 1 '3, ^aiaki ;-- ns kay.» PravJa (Alaa-ata) carried ar article by 
Doctor of lediv : Science V. cwdachin. titled "Careful: I'ar.-.oedJclnc!" 
In his article od.ichi.i openly attacked "unproven telepathic trans- 
mission of inf. .r=atlon over distances (roo one person tt .mother on the 
basts of theii' neurops/ciiie states," and criticized parapsycholof.lsts 
"for claitinR to obtain results that arc cocpl.Ui) ••nrel.itcd to the 
caiije-and-ef f eel principle." 

In October 197 3 a lone and derailed pape: entitled ".■.iripsycholc-jTv: 
Fiction or Reality'" was published in Question:; of I'M 1 >:.-|hy . in 
official publication ol Lite Soviet ,'iOJ>'-sy of l'edocv.lca 1 Sciences, ey 
four eni;:ent s-.vnbers ol the "or-eau Acadeiy at Pi-d*.-.«".if-il Science*. V.T. 
2inthenkc. A.:«. i.eontie% . O.K. Lopov, and A.R. Luri. Th.-y csplicitly 
set out "to express the viewpoint oi the I'SSR Society of Psycholonlsts 

DST-IBIQS- >37-75 
September 1975 

towards parapsychology." "Obviously." they wrote. "»o»c *o-called MM- 
psycholof.iciil phenomena Jo happen; however, the Hln obstacle to the;>- ol their c:.isfcnce is iRiwraoce of the ba*i* ol their opera- 
tion." It i* not clear iron this piper Just which parapsychalopjcal 
phcnoac':a "obviously do happen;" the only ones which the authors un.m- 
bijuouilv supported as cut hen tic were Kirliao photo^rapny f radiation 
field p'.io.o, rp^liv bv oeaus ot which 'he biolORical energy » lclds^of 
plants ar-u annals nay bo visualized) and "dcrrwii-optlcal flsl" (the 
alleged ability to sec colors through opaque shlcldiPR by touch alon-0 . 
Paradoxically, kirlian photography is probably bailed on kne-m J ores of 
enerRy. while der^al-opt iral vision has no know? baa's In ucc. A lar».e 
portion ol the naper was in :act devoted to a denunciation of r.illtant 
l^rapsy.-holoRists." popular cecdullty. fraudulent practices, physicists 
wHc quite unncccs.-ar: |v ciian,:c their Job* to investigate paranormal 
phcaoocna. sensation tl istic journalists, ar.d institutions a-ach as the 
Institute (or Technical S'arapsycholosy (which was cited Ly nao* > . Ap- 
parently, the objective ci the paper wis ta discredit as eytS. *-ny idea 
of a "parapsycholo^ical eoveacnt" in tne Soviet Colon, and to insure that 
the science of parapsychology shoulJ not continue CO c*etrc. To quoti: 
the authors, "there is no need for prrapsycholoRy to exist *» a separate 

Ihcre is iddi: evidence that the official attitude toward 
parapsvchUouv in the Soviet Union cay nave chanped. In « « 19(<0 s. 
Moscov Ldward K. Naur.ov was zed huenwt lon.i k lv 
as the unofllcial soviet spoKescan for the -science. In March ol 1974. 
Naucov U4i arrested and sentenced to tve years hard labor. la January 
1975. parapsyclioje/i^t I.arissa Vllet.skaya, who liac previously been per- 
mitted to visit Sjucov in Jail, was .K-rself arrested. The reason for her 
arr«st i» not known, tut Sauanv wa-. apparently convicted .»< taking fees 
for his leclurcs without the permission of the appropriate authorities. 
According to reports f.-oa the Soviet Inion. the fees »eeo to have been 
collected in the normal way by ihc club's director and Uis assistant. 
However, both were subsequently declared psychologically unfit to testify, 
certified scht.-ophrcnie- and referred for soa* unspecified forta of invol- 
untary treateent at the Serbskiy institute of Forensic Psychol* vical Ex- 
pertise This Institute's director. Dr. AndreJ Sneihnevsly. is widely 
known for nis psychiatric zeal on behalf of ideological crlhodoxv ;.nd for 
his Opposition to parapsychology. At the trial Sneih.u-vskv h lose II caw 
evidence to the c fleet that parapsychology was a pscudosi ience based on 
id-aliso rsysllcis-i. Although iO witnesses said they «-ai« boucht their 
tickets ;r ;= the dub's dliectar or his representative. S.iutw was found 
fiutlty aid s.Mit.nceJ to two years in a cjnp. Accord! nr. Lev kce.elsun. 
a Koseow physicist.. :.auaov*s offense was twofold: first, despite reite- - 
atc-l war ir.i frr.n toe Kf.V. he had "maintained tree, pel.-"'-* I. hua.m con- 
tacts villi furci'-.n scholars..." and cade use ol the na»enal he received 

September 1975 

for disseminating information 0:1 parapsycholo,j- '« the USSR. NaiMnv k 
second fault Is ideological, dp to oost recent tines parapsychology Iwk 
been looked on In too Soviet »:nIoo as "nyst iclsu" and "pseudoncienc^." 
sharing the fate of the theory of relativity. quanlu» taech-wiirs. cyber- 
netics, gone tics, etc. 

Sauoov's trial and the disnissal froa their posts of others who had 
been active in parapsychology in the Soviet laion in the l<Jt>0'* aay Mrk 
the end p: a phase during which free and indeed spirited discussion of 
parapsyc!Wof.ica: topics was permitted throughout the Soviet Union, 
and durln,-. which a lair vwunt cf informal and unofficial East-West 
contact was at least tolerated. 

Despite apparent shifts in the official attitude toward the science. 
49 out c£ the Vi papers presented in 1972 at the first International Con- 
ference on Ksycho:ronic Research In r.aguc. Czechoslovakia. V"ffi authored 
by Soviet or LLC rosea tchcrs. In addition, the Moscow publication 
"Zhurnalist," published a lengthy editorial in 197-. in which readers 
were assured that "all energy fields existing in ratu: e are not kn vn to 
conteo ? or.«ry ph.-.ics" aid "that because varlou.' phenonena cannot as yet be 
explained dor« not nean that they do not cx«.*t." The naor ol the science 
nay be changed ;p tlie futiirs, but the res.-arrh will continue. 

During t: •? past decade parapsyt-».ology has undergone nany changes (n 
the Soviet tnic-n and Chechoslovakia. In a sease. this Is a question of 
changing generations. The elder generation of researchers, who actively 
Investigated the probleHs o. r_*yehotrooics. r--»rdcd it predominantly as 
philosophy and psychology. To a certain extent, this concept dctemined 
their approach to the pro!- ices: in rest cases they concluded that very 
cooplex psychic processes vert involved, processes that were difficult 
to control and w.rc not always reproducible. This «»ldcr generation 
of researchers hid ar their prtnary object ive the proof of psychic proc- 
esses and the defense of their theories. They confined thcnsclves to 
their own specifics and probler.-;. In torws ot the nuanllt- of accoau- 
Uled facts and performed experiments their work was considerable and 
often avc-inspirinfc. 

Researchers of the younger generation In the CSSR and Chechoslovakia 
ar«i to regard this concept as one-sided, a strai tlackct. They 
are not satisfied with ihr rvnslant proving and description of the ph.— 
noixti*. Taey also want tc eodel. anpltfy, fomulato and confute. A 
desire to conclusively cisti r the prohlea.i has cuepeil«-.( lh»ea to abaadon 
-he previous concept and to define parapsychology lor the tlr*- beii»;. as 
a hordc-linc intcrdisclpli.iary science. To the unipolar j.|;t losophical- 
psychological cr.cept there »s no-a added another pole. the 'eenntcal- 
physical "-oncej-t- between these two poles there is suffi.-lent rooe for 
parapsycl-.oio-.r-- to roaprehend all the phemxn-na that It investigates, in 
their complexity. 


September 197* 

Pres«-nt-day Soviet parapsycholo.-.lsts arc rccruiteo fr.w practically 
■ II ■cienll'.ic disciplines, not as Inoividual cot hus List s hut *0 txnbcrs 
of coordinated interdisciplinary tcan* of specialises. Ir 1967 the Creel.* 
established t\\f Oordlnatlon Croup l-tr Psychotropic <par.-n»-:ycholo K ical 1 
Research. They ir.u-ntim.jlly r. l as 0.1c of their principal iblectlve< 
the description o! the undetermined oropcrtics cl the et»'ii:v bound lo nan 
and to .in 1 =-»;«■ iiJturc They -k/ to be convinced, lor i-sau^lc. that 
de Bro B li. *s dual concept, in *V.V. lh-* electron nay appear as a nassi 
of inerti.i or as el*ctroeeacncti<: r-idiation, requires a third aspect (the 
vehicle 01 which would not necessarily 1* de Bror.lie'c electron bi.t possibly 
the mental Ion or "rscnlion" presupposed by Professor F. K.ihuda) . and that 
only then will it be possible to coo;»letely express the anicate and I n- 
aninate w«>rJd of matter in r.-otion. By delinlOf the parameters «t the 
undefined lorn oi energy the concept 01 eattcr In -aotion could can. a 
third aspect, and -.attcr in notion would he defined by laws Jar taore 
complex and conprehcnsl ve than at present. It in interest inr, to no- e the 
tncreosinp -alidity of Professor L.I.. Vasllev's ecvn ; that "... dis- 

covery ol the laws of the as yet unknown fon» of e«icr>:y bound u uan will 
be of uo less slr.nlt Ic^nce than the discovery of atom- enerp.y." Therefore 
It is no eoi„«ldence that theoretical physicist* and nl.tsea physicist:: In 
the Federal Rtpahllc of C< many bc'leve th.-.t unde-st and i r.r of the psychical- 
ly sic.-. 1 interactions of living orcanisns will add sooclhini; basically 
new to physics and Molopv. The Czech* believe lint as so..n »s science 
begins to understand the properties of this new fon» of cner»:y, questions 
ol its r—stcry and utilization wi il rise to the lorelronl. Rohcrr. i' -villa's 
vorV, which is discussed m detail in Part II. is no s»all contribution In 
this direction. Whereas in the past parapsychology operated prcd min.mi ly 
by the acthol of exceptional individual performance, psy* !=olt joics pre- 
supposes a ru-v sudel: .he living orpanisa (oan) — pro-ess inj: ol energy — 

In l a S2. a ce.nury will have elapsed since the founo.llon In Jutland 
of the first Society for Psvchical Research. Zdenck ReJdaW. Internationally 
renowned parapsycnolo^ist oi tl.J Oiechoslcvax Scientific .ind Technical 
Society. Section 10' Psychoironic Hcaicarcii has -tated. "wc are convinced 
that psychotroni'-s will ,-iark this centennial with sir.nlf leant results In 
practical, applied, and basic rcseatch, in the ' nowledne that it will 
become an essential new anthropological science, one that will enhance 
primarily nan's Integrity." 

iS:-> ; "W 


3ST-1810S- 387-75 
September l!»7S 


Soviet and Chechoslovakian parapsycholog'.sts have not reported 
"telepathy" in animals in recent years; instead, they have cen-nasizcd 
research on biolo.-lcal energy transfer. Soviet p.-rapaycholo K y research 
Is multlclsc.plinarv and indistinguishable from eonv-ntlonal hovict 
physiological research. Poth disciplines arc presently involved in 
•tteopts to identify the sojrcej of internally generated arui externally 
imposed slieull underlying physiological processes. 

Soviet research on telepathy In aolsals in the 1920' s and 1930* s 
was devoted largely to proving that telepathy between sun and aoiaals 
did Indeed exist. ,\ k<**1 example of the early Soviet approach was 
research conducted by V.W. bckhterev of Lening^d tt.lverslty . in 
collaboration wltb a circus performer, V.L. Durov. Bc«hterev reported 
that Durov's trained dogs successfully solved arithmetic problems and 
identified or retrieved ohtects solely on the basis of their trainer s 
mental surest ion. 10 The results ot" these lose* were controversial, since 
the do**' performances vcre good when Durov was t.roscnt and supplied the 
"suggestions.* but deteriorated markedly vheo be was absent and another 
individual attempted to mentally control then. 

gekhterev'a original objective was to demonstrate thit telepathy 
between ti.i and anloals was" mediated by seme form of electromagnet ic 
radiation (FKR>. but bv 1937, lie and other Soviet parapsyenologlsts had 
concludec that no known fore of EMS was the carrier of thought transmission. 
The EMR theory of information transfer is still unresolved by the Soviets, 
but is still the najor basis underlying nuch of their research. 

In 1952 B.3. KatMnskiv advanced the theory that animals are capable 
ot visual and aural perception and reflex understanding of the behavior 
of other ant-jals or hunans. 1 He postulated that this ability resulted 
froa the capacity of one animal to detect (via Its nervous system*, 
analyse, and synthesize signal-stlEuii given off by another am&al. 
Accordiu ( - to Karhir.skiy. the uipnals were transmitted in the form of a 
"bloraul.itlcnal si^ht ray" *nd analyzed uy the percipient aniaal as a 
result of Its Pavlovlan conditioning The term "bioradl ntlonal rays" 
is still used by socc Soviet and Czech parapsycholo K ists tu refer tu 
focusin B and cut), em rat io.i of rlolo.e.lcrl energy by the brain and the 
optical neural cMnncls. 

Present day Soviet and Czech parapsycho lop.y research with an in* 1 8 is 
devoted almost exclusively to investigation of sources ot blolosical 4 n»-rsy 
ir.voWed in p»ws iolosicil processes, the interactions of such cncrj'.y with 
external fields, an J the clfccts of extemall; cenerated fields on aniaal 
fl.yr.Iolo-y. Jtrf i>r« to ttfiepathv in the sense of .ocr-nn ic.-'t ions by 
tionsa'ssicn of meal, toncepcual. cental formulations is seldr.n cade- 

■ ■■■■■ ro ^^f^&^/t 

Srptcctbcr 1975 

A significant advance toward Identification of the ESR source c5 
biological energy transfer was pained froa recent research conduct co at 
the University of Novosibirsk. Scientists there invest Igated the release 
of energy during cell division and during cellular damage and repair 
resulting froa viral infection or toxic chemicals. in over 5000 experi- 
ments with ceil cultures and an leu I organs it w-s shown that damaged cells 
radiated some ion of energy and that the energy released was capable of 
causing iUmrc in idjaecnt control preparations of organs or cells. 
Further Investigation revealed that a uniform pattern, code, or rhythx of 
radiation was emitted by nortul cells. This pattern was disturbed when 
cellular dosage occurred, r>eco*ln* quite irregular. It was also found 
that the patterns were transaitted froa experimental to rontrol prepara- 
tions only when the cells or organs were cultured in quartz containers. 
Since quartz transmits ultraviolet (UV) radiation and standard laboratory 
glassware does not, the Soviets concluded thit UV radiation mediated 
cellular information transfer. The researchers subsequent ly correlated 
given irregularities of eaisslon with specific diseases ;.nd ate now 
attemptl.-ig to develop techniques for diagnosis and therapy by mnltortag 
and altering cellular radiation codes. 6 

Cze<-hoslovakl «n research on energy transfer between anlma' muscle 
preparations. from an i sals to ban. and from nan to nan, las also «iecon- 
strated ZKP. as the vehicle of biological energy transfer. In experiments 
conducted between 1948 and 1968 at the Okres Institute o« Public Health. 
Kulua Mora. Chechoslovakia, Dr. Jirl Eradna demonstrated contactless 
transfer (nyotranslcr) of stimuli oetween frog ocurorsujicular preparations. 
Bradna placed identical preparations side ly side; stimulation of one 
preparation with electric pulses at frequencies between )0 and 30 pulses 
per secoid caused contraction and a recorded electromyographic response 
In the othci. In other experiments, stimulation of nusclc preparations 
Influenced the oscillations of a pendulum and increased in.- -.ikile tension 
of a hu=.*n subject. Bradna obtained objective proof that energy in the very 
high frequency (vhf) range mediated the stimulus transmission. He also 
dMKmutrat'd that nyotransfer could be Moe.kcd with ferrous metal filters 
and aluminum. ».»•.■ »d be deformed with magnets, ferrltes and other conductors, 
could be reflected and transaitted over waveguides, and shielded with grids. 
Bradna concluded that primary perceptual and informational pathways between 
animals are based on cetaboltc processes at the macrooolreular level and 
that the magnitude of enetKy transfer depends on muscular adenosine 
triphosphate (ATP) energy release. 12 

Bradna has referred successful applfcition of oyotransfcr in physio- 
therapy. It has be.-n lounu to be effective for both individuals and groups. 
In the 1 trier case, li.e situation of stimuli has been sli.-vn to enhance the 
neuromuscular responses of indlvidua*. within the i : roui<. Bradna feels 
that such Stimuli influence the herd behavior oi animals and may also 
be a factor in altering human behavior unocr conditions >f isolation or 


. . . 3$r;^ 



Scpteahcr 197S 

In the Soviet lnlon. Peeler Y.A. Kholodov ha. Investigated the effects 
of a constant runnel ic field (GIF) on rabfcfts.* Uhole-body expires to 
fields between JO and 2000 ocrmcds resulted In nonspecific In 
the elect rociiccph.lor.ran. tut no other directly oeasurable phy si. leal 
r-spouscs. l.l.olodov showed that weak MgnrtlC a» well is olliei .eternally 
generated iaJUii«i fields have a direct effect on nerve tissue, and for 
this reason he fc.-U thai natural and field* In «an * envlton- 
nent nav nave an influence on health and behavior vl i the nerves systco 
and the livpothal.'ms. kholodov* s research Is representative of current 
Soviet efforts to explain parar.or=ul pucne— cna oo the basis of known 
physical and biological piraocters. 

Another Sovut scientist. A.S. Prervui. feels that biolocical enemy 
and Information exdiant:*! between mine, ortanisos Is the icsult oi electro- 
matnetlc fi-'d interactions between individuals or between the 

Individual and tho etivi ronsent. U He and other Soviet scientists have 
recorded LMF's Iron nan. fro^s. and Insects of various species at ranges 
froa several centimeters to several nrters froo the f <ly surface. The 
frequencies ol the EMr's were lound to correspond to varl-us blorhythns 
of organs, rhythes of and acoustic slttuaU. auc I loelcttrlc. 
rhylhns. Presaan thinks that in groups of anloals. vlcciroaaraiel ir 
oscillations are synch root zed by frequency oatchln* and that the cmrwIa- 
tivc Intensity r_iy ^row In proportion to the square of the nuabcr of 
individuals. Such cumulative eoission Is alao Chouj-Jit to be possible as 
the result of synchronization af the enlsslons of t-iny cell, in aninals 
in • highly excited stale. 

Presaan, like Kholuoov. feels that ihc effects of subthreshold stimuli 
are oedlated through the hypothalami- region *l the otdbraln. Tlte hvpo- 
thalacus reflates diverse physiological processes In the or.;.u.isn (pulse, 
body lecpcrature. oxygen consumption, catbon dioxide liberation, urine 
voluce. v,rini- nitrogen concent r.-.t ion. etc.) and these are the functions 
»t cosroo'y disturbed by chances In EttF's. 

Presaan believes that clcctrooaxnetic sir.nallin K is universal between 
anleals. but not between burtons who nay have lost the capability for such 
cooounlcation as a result of evolution and the di vclo|«ae»t of verbal -vid 
artificial ccrj:un leal ion channels. lie ilwi not rule out the possibility 
that "sfi-unrous t u Icpalhy" cvay occasionally occur, but regards such 
occurrences as rare case! of atavisn. Consequently, ne regards nan .is 
the least suitable lor studying ic conaunl .at Ion. 

It is Important thai the increased decree of sophistication which 
h«s occurred in Soviet ISP or telepathy research since 1"JiiO be understood. 
At present the . «f-5s "ESI'" ar-.d " .e lc?ath>" are seldoet used. It is Possible 
that the newer ierns " b i uc oonun i ca t i on" and "psycliotro.iies" will vanish in 
the neat future only 10 be replaced by conventional -energy physics 

September 1975 

terminology, or terns such as "Interpersonal subconxcf ©us reactions" or 
" Mention" forces. Ia any event. I he classical ESP experiments with 
animal* arc no longer of Interest in the USS*. The typical Vasllev 
experimentation froa 1920 to 1955 has been replaced with sophisticated 
research protocols which study complex interactions between ran. animals 
«na plants. 

Dr. Favel Nauaov. who hears no relation to the now oprlaoned Edward 
Kausov, conducted anleal hiocoenunication studies between a uubtoerReu 
Soviet Navy submarine and a shore research station; thes.- tests in- 
volved a Bother rabbit and her newborn licter and occurre d around 1956. 
three years prior to the I'.S.S. Nautilus disclosure. According to 
Kauac-v. Soviet scientists placed the baby rabbits aboard the submarine. 
They kept the bother rabbit in a laboratory on shore where they Implanted 
electrodes (EEC?) in her brain. When the submarine was assist- 
ants killed the rabbits one hy one. At each i.rccise aoa-nt of death, the 
nother rabbit's brain produced detectable and recordable reactions. As 
late as 1970 the precise protocol and results of this tent described by 
Kauaov vere belivved to be classified. Many exa=plcs ca i be found in Soviet 
literature dealing with do*s, hears, birds, insects. *nc fish in conjunction 
with basic psychotropic research. The Pavlov Institute in Hoscow nay hav- 
been involved la anioal telepathy unti.'. 1970. 


D5T-1S1GS- 187-75 


PART A - Classical Theories and Experiments 

Over the pest 25 y*ars, Soviet scientists have reported 'hat ahi lilies 
such as extrasensory perception, clairvoyance, and telepathy h.ivo been 
demonstrated in the Ijboratorv under rl orwaly controlled conditions. 
Many ol these claims have been published in the Soviet and pop- 
ular literature. Just liov far the Soviets have really f,~. » in their OI - 
forts to learn about the ccrhanlKos of huoan telepathy Is not known. If 
the Soviet reports are even partly true, and if oirtd-tc— nlnd liiour.lit trans- 
ference can k iu d Cor such applications .v» interplanetary cocntir.l. at ions 
or the culdi!»R °' Interplanetary spacecraft, the Soviets have accomplished 
a scientific brcafcrnroujili of tretsendous significance. 

For cany years, any at leapt to study telepathic phenomena was de- 
nounced in the Soviet Union as aysticisn and idealism. Fron 1922 to 1959. 
however, this attitude gradually changed. Of-.lclal recognition of parn- 
poychology as a legitimate science wan proopted to .1 considerable extent 
by the Party's recognition of other disciplines which had previously been 
rejected as bourgeois idealisa <o,u.jnlun tscchanlcs, rhe theory of relativity, 
sad cybernetics). In 1959 Professor L.I.. Yasllev published his "Mysterious 
Phono-iena of the Ku=ji> Psyche," followed in 1962 by tils "Experiments in 
Henr.i Suggestion." These two publications caused s^tc surprise anong 
Western scientists, but the possible military implications were apparently 
overlooked In the West. The first attsnpt to Illustrate the possible 
miliary and Intelligence lopact of Soviet research in telepathy und 
psychokinesis was published in 1972. 15 

The publication of Vast lev's first book in 1959 was followed by the 
appearance of countless studies by other soviet r««o.-.rcliers anH nieaerous 
articles in th~ Soviet periodical press. Soviet parapsychology research 
gained impetus and sophistication, growing fron a sin,; le laboratory Into 
a coordinated USSR-wide effort; laboratories were also established in 
Czechos lovakia. Funis for research (reported at 20 aillion rubles in 
1973) art believed to be prinarily froo cilitary sources. This high level 
of support advanced Soviet icsearc'" on hi titan telepathy far beyond ihat of 
■.he West and tnc USSR becanx the leader In sponsoring and part Icipat inc. 
In international parapsychology syuposluaw. Such International ceetlngs 
h*ve served Soviet Interests by allowing thee to benefit f ioa Western 

After 1V59 large nuabcrs of Soviet scientists began Investigating, 
telepathic corjun lcat ion. In 1965, a bioinforoal ion department was forned 


September 1975 

at the Moscow section of the Scientific-Technical Society of Radio 
Engineering and ToK-cozcuni cat ions ir*-ni A.S. Popov, with the purpoxo 
of -.urtherlng scientific research on information transmission "in the 
living part of nature." "Hie early Soviet objective-!! uiiicii were made 
public were: (1) to study and organic* relevant materials Iron the 
world liUTJturo; (2) to record and systematize t^iservcd occurrence* 
o£ "spontaneous" telepathy; and (J) to develop and organize experiments 
on arclflcally in 111-, ted telepathic occurrences. 

At a meet ins °f the bionics Department of the Presidium oi the 
Accdcmy of Sciences of the USSR in IV6S, l.M. Kogan raised the following 
three qu. stions: (1) is telepathy possible in principle; (?) does it 
contradict natural laws; and fin-illy, <J) do the observed facts J|4re* 
with the concept of electromagnetic fields? 16 Te answer these Questions, 
the following hypotheses have been advanced in tiie USSK: 

t') Xjy-.V-lect u iaiiincl ic hvpothe* t»' (Id 0 ?) , advanced as a result of 
the discovery of elect ic waves in lotto. By the mid l*MOs this* 
hypothesis had been sutijectd to considerable criticism. The entire range 
of the electromagnetic spectrun iron gaasa rays to radio waves had been 
studied; throughout this range there was not a single sector In which 
telepathic comuiiicativn cauiJ be establ [shed. Experiments with reliable 
frres of Tietallic shielding had not prevented the percipient (ira receiv- 
ing messages tr.msaltted lo him (also Verified in the West). Moreover, 
the effectiveness o! "signals" transmitted over hundreds or thousands of 
kilometers should, according to the theory, diminish In proportion to the 
square of the distance; this has never been established In relevant exper- 
imentation. The electromagnetic hypothesis has not been rejected and iuw 
cvider.-e indicates that there nay be electromagnet ic waves of sow unknown 
length er.ltted by the brain which are capable of penetrating metallic 

(2) The •aetnotheroal hypothesis , borrowed f row French parapsychology. 
This presupposes the existence of suae unknown energy, the 
oscillations of which car. be detected only by special organs of "crvpto- 
aesthetic sensitivity." possessed by persons endowed with parapsychic 

<3) The <ir.Y-hlc i-n orgv hypothe sis. According to tliir: theory, bio- 
electrical charges in the "warklng" brain c>f the inductor .ire transformed 
into psychic ener,.y which is iransforra-d bach .'gain into bioelectric charges 
in the "receiving" brain of the percipient. 

(4) L. Vast lev proposed the ,-r.ivitat lon al hypoth esis . first fa rrau laled 
by th? G. physicist I'arcual lordoo and Einstein's former collaborator 
Dr. B. Huffman. V.i„i l«-v suggested that an Interaction between the 


September 1975 

gravitational field <«id sot»o existing but unexplained factor, aosalhly 
produced by the cerebal Batter itself. night be Involved in Ion. lie also *ugs"stcd that thought transmission* r»l) lit be 
connected with the lavs of cybernetic systems. Vasllev also retornd 
to the action of neucrino particles forraed during nuclear reaction*. 
If It could be established that such particles (which h-ve no elect! Ic 
charge, oovc with a dpeed approaching that of light and arc capable of 
penetrating obstacle* of enonaou* car.*) are generated during the neuro- 
psychic activity of the brain, it nir.nt conceivably be shown that these 
particles serve as the ocdiua. for telepathic transaiaslona. 

The Soviets' renewed interest In the problew of parapsychol Jgy during 
the 1960a constituted, to a certain extent, another aspect ai til* trend 
avay fron doctrinaire which had previously dominated all areas of 
intellectual effort in the USSR. The e.isin* of intellectual control was 
cx~«plitled by a uuote « roa Laplace's "Essai Phi Icsopnioue »ur los 
Probabilities" used b> Professor Vasllev: 

"Wc are so far fron knowing all the force* of nature and 
various Bodes of action that it would be unworthy of the phi- 
losphcr to deny phenomena sioply l-ccaiue they are inexplicable 
aC the present state ot our knowledge. Tlie oorc difficult U 
la to acknowledge their existence, the greater the care with 
which wc aust study theic phenoocna." 18 

Vaallcv hiosclf slid: 

"It has happened norc than once in the history of science that 
the establishment ot new facts that were unexplalnable by what 
waa already known gave us a glinpse of unforeseen aspe .ts of 

Such was the cllcate of Soviet parapsychological research fn the 
early l d 70s; Soviet science, lor all ita characteristic pr.ignalisa. had 
apparently begun to free Itself gradually fna the restraints of an out- 
worn Batet Jallstic foundation which on r-orc than one occasion had shown 
Its fllcsy when laced with new discoveries. However, .is noted in 
Section 1, there =ay now once attain be a fairly concerted effort in the 
part of sorae highly placed Soviet scientists in other disciplines to 
under=--ac parapsychology on poll t leal- ideological grounds. 

In 1966. F. Zi-cl. a renowned Soviet .istruoooor. concluded that 
telepathy is tl.c science ol future. !n order Cor it to bccioe a 

service to canklnd, research in telepathy nusl be nrg-iniscd on a state- 
wide basis. Otherwise, after a sh-ari while, "reproaching ourselves lor 
past mistakes, ae,alM would nav <: to c.iich up villi foreign countries. 
If the insulting resarks addressed to scientists engaged in telepathic 


September 1975 

studies wro mace privately they could sitoply be Ignored. Such criticisms, 
however, are aired publicly in chc press by people of incontestable auth- 
ority In other fields. What happened to genetics and cybernetics ia -\m 
being repeated again .tad *,;aln. On- can no longer rcoaln silent. l-«i: 
take the lull rcsponsibi lit .- of statlnvj that "criticism" of tclt-pathv Is 
Untaoount lo ollitant obscurantist*." 1 * Zigcl's words did not p» unheeded 
became by 1968 the Soviets already had: <1) establishes several research 
centers specializing In telepathic experiment* on an academic and scientific 
level: (►> or;jar.«2ed toons of scientists — physiologists, physicists, psychol- 
ogists, taathemati clans, cybemcti clan.i, neurologists, and electronic engin- 
eers — to lnvcrtlgitc telepathy, find out haw it vorko. and devise scans oi 
practical application; and O) conducted experiments involving long-range 
thought transference (Leningrad-hoscov (600 km); Moscow-Tomsk (4.O00 Vm)). 

Without actually taking cn^unequi vecal stand on the controversial 
Issue of telepathy. Ye. Famov. in l<Jf«6, citel at least three parodoxes: 
(1) telepathic corcsunicatlon 1? Independent of distance; (2) telepathic 
coaatun i ca 1 1 on i» achieved without the use of the known senses and has no 
apparent relation to electromagnetic waves; (J) sone c^set of spout. ineuua 
telepathy and clal rvoyance contradict the lev oi causality. It should bo 
Mentioned thit if I'arr.ov had stated his third parid«>. a few years sooner 
It would havn eennt certain sclentliic and Intellectual exile. However, 
Psmov attempted to ascertain ttie extent to which these paradoxes olght 
fit into the fundamental laws of natural science, and thereby reealnco'. 
somewhat within the bounds of traditional dogmatic, materialistic princi- 

Pamov felt that the first paradox alght be resolved If: (a) the 
material carrier of the telepathic effect is booc type of energy unlikely 
to dissipate In space, or (b) all people are linked together by a special 
"telepathic field." In the first case, the material carrier could con- 
ceivably be the neutrino which, at least within the earth's biosphere, is 
not absorbed by natter. In the second case, it night be surmised that. In 
addition to the inductor and percipient, telepathic phenomena trvolvc an 
unspecified nueber of people for .»npl i f icat Ion of the telepathic signal. 
Just as a t-hocoeulllplier aapllfies ll<-hr.. 

A similar explanation was applied to the jecemd paradox; the "neu- 
trino hypolhenis." howevor. has its drawbacks. It is not quite clear, (or 
instance, which type o! neutrino is responsible for the trnnsnis3i«n i>l 
telepathic signals. It is possible that all people are interlinked by 
a neutrino field, and this would supj.ort the i f teat ten theory. 

Tbe third paradox Is the least palatable to traditional scientists 
end the cost sviscepcibie to crincisn by opponents of telepathy. Its ex- 
planation r.-quir. s. by triplication, i.'-.e breakdown of wvl 1-cjtabl ls!.. d 
concepts re K ard{n t ; tir# space. Or:e oi the ideas advanced by soar 


u.. * 

DST- 18} OS- 38 7- 75 
September 19 7 S 

awteClciM I. ^at of "closed r,^.- in which such notion. a. 

f.,t»rc beco-e reLUvo even beyond the theory of relativity. 

.uch - idea. U ™.t he a~u«e,l .« ««« «*« 'tl^'^-ed 

can soocIum "local*" the loture by »ea..s of the neutrino Parnov «s,rA«d 

t£t other theoreticians had hypothesis.- that the neutrino » 

behavior I, iue to the l*ct that this particle «ve« fro- the 

tht oLc ,».« than the other way around. Such a concept would .lo jostle 

h"d ParLw. It l« tnt.rcst.n,; to note that ^^J^S. 
cpro,^ before theoretician be K an eMenslve discus. cms ™ 
(particle, said to have a velocity greater than that o. lilht). ««ial 
L Vnacn,"). having ...ll«r velocities of *U- bu. 

pctuUu I. The, are d.scussec further In Part ft ol tt.1. section. 

Another theory which could heir expl-1* the ^^t^ 
the law of conservation of combined parity, advanced b, L.D. >~™ M - ~ 
cordinr. to th.t low. sy«etry U preserved in any syste. "» -over Ik - left 
la .ubsiilulcd by -he "rUnl" and particle by antipartlclc. it then 
£££ l£ al /relationship, are Invariant -Uh« reject « - 

ion. Thus. excluded, the third paradox ~.y contradict the Utter, 
out not the spirit of aoUern physics. 

I.K. Kogan. referred to earlier, -as the first « S^^tStSTW 1 in hu=an telepathic corounicatlon In the post -V-sllc* era. 
Only the qualitative and quantitative remits -IP be presenter . here: the 
interested reader can peruse the above reference, for . 
protocol. arr. W d hi. experiment, in four R coups <« 
■cms Involving the «*« °' hypno*«« »• louao ln Jn ««•«*«■« 

art Iclc by SLv» : " the four K roo„s Included: (1) cental -ration 
of a. act lnvo]vin K ob)ects at short distance*; <2 f * «™ «. 

the l« C c of an object and selection of a Riven ob ect at short 
O) « niJ l .u«w-llcn cf A'ecl l«r.« »—'- distances; and (*) 

5rLS» L if object i.a R e. over Ion* distances. None of the c«P«lj«« 
reporced by Ko>;an were inconsistent with the ««lrt cUcirwi lc hyps.lh 
1711 An Inai His of th, ,,ks revealed certain qualitative nnd ouanti- 
t.tive charade* ,«« to ..11 exper i-enl. . Yh.:y were: (1 Jhc 
rate of telepathic tnlornation iroMsisslm ».*rU-d be t ween 0.00 S and 0.1 
blt/se .- f?) the rate oi inforeallon t r.msslss :on depended upon the 
dlslancc'uu- Ufomutlon '*l lo travel ran^lnr. fro- 0.1 blt/se. for a 
dlnt^cc of neters to 0.001 bit/sec .or a J.'.Hlanee of 4..HK Wn. 
O) i.i uUr-finuslc-tKMs. the percipient did not lake c«.»;nU »nce of the 

o'.ical concept ,. ;h, type of ob.-ct K-in, —Uud; .v. j-n v 

cualltatt'e i«Ff« ellcttin,; S «r kind ol se s.t'-l.n (sl..«:e. colcr. hard 
2«i Cere,: u.o (-) the best perception of tcl.pat.u, in.o.r-Mlon 
occurred when l!- ««a^s were snort (up to or.e cinute). Tr M i«i« 
ol siapio. brief. chioU ccsbinat i«h of eienenc« (isaft«. • M " on) 
pcared t« !>•• th« proper w.,y h.uvlUnK coded telepathic laldinjclM. 



Septeobcr 1975 

Nuswrous Soviet experiments in huoon telepathic cwaunlcal Ion fol- 
lowed Kopan's work. Rapid Soviet advances in electronics, cybrrni- tics. 
Monica, and ne-aropiivsioloRy brought ">« techniques to the study of 
telepathic r'«cnoo.n-i. By 1970 the prl»e objective of Soviet telcpathie 
research vm reproducibility of result* and Soviet scientists now say that 
ir. the fu:ur* thev will be able io oafcc aoplc uae of telepathic rtswirrcs 
and to develop, direct, and control tcic tathlc processes as well.-* 

PART 6 - Current Soviet/Czech Theories and Research Objectives 

The nosl obvious trend of current Soviet »nd Czech telepathy research 
Is that it is now causally orlentei rather than directed toward pr viatic 
attenpls to apply observed but little-understood phenoocna. TSc previous 
"cart-before-the-horse" ar 'roach was not. however, an illogical one, since 
it led th-.-o to theorize that telepathic effects nay be based on subc.e, 
unidentified fores cl iner^y or non-enemy interactions. 

. In 1973 Peter Rczek of Prague seated that telepathy nay he conccCve<l 
of as transfer realized by ftcans of so»: known or \-nknown type of enerv.y, 
or is Bade possible by sooc non-enercy factor that accompanies the func- 
tioning of the brain. Rezefc question* O.A. Ser»-.oyev' s dedication to the 
Interpretation of iloctrocnccphalokraos (KEG) and wave oe isureacnts to 
uncover Che carrier of transfer and feels that ScrRevcv's approach is 
directed prinarilv toward the application of the investigated pheowseiM 
and not toward* an understanding of then. He questions actcnpts to regulate 
or control psychic phenonena before their underlying causes are under- 
stood. According to Rezck. ESP rcscatch and re:i"arch ox sense per- 
ception are siallar since scientists In both fields arc invcstlcatii.k the 
composition and structure of the apparatus by which transtcr takes place. 
I-erception. as such, in the natural science approach. I:» actually incoci- 
prrhenslble; nevertheless, the advocates of this approach arc unable to 
accept telepathic phenomena because proof o( energy transfer is lacking. 
P.czek feels that if tli- natural-science approach, which is unable lo 
explain perception as such, were applied to LSI . this would nake ESP 
doably Incomprehensible- Even if a wave notion Is found to be associated 
vita ESI*, this phenooenon as Such will again be Incomprehensible. Kezck 
concludes that when ordinarv sense perception beenco comprehensible, it 
oay open rhe way to the understand in,: of telepathy. On the othei hand. 
ESP cculd become the basis tor an understanding of perception in general . 




Septeobc r 1975 

(U) The crenel cowards the lltecret icl deve loweent of node Ik for cyber- 
netic svstcas incorporating psychotronic phcno«»enj has been augmented l.y 
a psychotronic aodel oi mh proposed by Josef Uol.' of S'raxuc. As an 
intcRr-l part of the psychosocial ic picture of iwun existence, a psyeho- 
tronic eodel of CM is an entirely unique contrlbut lot. to the study of 
the concept of nan. Vroes an anthropological viewpoint as veil fro« 
brajdot aspects that cover the coQprchcnslve investigation a! U a.m 
existence, such a code! is needed within the ol other hua-m 
sciences, particularly anchropolof.y and psychology. A psvehotronic nodel 
of nan baaed on present knowledge of psychology, anthropology, and the 
nedlcal science*, not only offers at. entirely new concept of »an as r.r. 
Individual and as a species ot living beings, but Also pernils new 
approaches to the aolullon of huaan psychosomatic disturbance* and d.-fcets. 

Tttc experimental psychot t onlr aodcl of aar., which Wolf present* In 
rather Kieplltled -.raJ stvneuaiic torn (sec Figure 2) nay serve thin purpose. 
The coacept of this eodel is universal, i.e.. it -ppiles not only to nan 
(regardless of sex. age, etc.) but to any living boing as well, whether 
terrestrial or extraterrestrial. 

The oodel Includes the principal spheres of Han: (1) the sooatlc or 
bioloKical upherc. denoted by a triangle against the base; (2) the psychic 
or oental sphere, designated by a circle inscr.bed In the somatic triangle; 
and O) the psychotronic tt parapsychlc sphere, designated by a circle 
circumscribing the psychosooat tc triangle. Bcciusc psychotronic coupling 
In tun usually occurs on lh-_- basis of coejounicat icn between at least two 
Individuals, the principal types of such connections are »lso presented. 

Type I or the ego. for example, is the psychotronic ao^. 1 of "Mil as an 
individual, i.e., t sort of psychotronic unit, a basic cleaei-l or initial 
point. Type 2. called identical. Is the ideal type of p«vcho ironic and 
psychoso— -at ic identification between two individuals. Type 3. called 
platj:iic, Is the ideal type ol purely psychic and psychotronic connection. 
Types U and 5 tan be called telepathic, with nlnia.U to psyciio- 
tooj'lc auplln,',. Here, a different theoretical interpretation bas.d «-n 
the assumption then exl.:t two different nodes ot telepathic transfer 
U also feasible. Types b. 7. and U are character i .•••d i>" *orx- tvnetU <-r 
psychosomatic rouplir,^ anon-,-, several individuals (rvla.ti.-es, etc.). 
Types S and 10 can be rcrarded as rsanples ol Itighvr a- vehntronfe coupling 
Involving -.inv individual*; ..;»;>; teat iois of such •».-.:.• is will he feasible 
only wit!i pericet =al.ieaal ica l-phys icai Cools ana corresponding sy ten 
of psychotronic knowicd,;e. 





Soptcaber 1975 

•ctlvlty r»ii M J, efc<f < r f!f l ° the b ~*K™««J Jnd where 

TbU behavior chango I 3 ch,r4ct£iSc bv^ 1^°° P^nc. 

fr« M lUy or £ro» the perceive «nv^L£r \C c *« >l « t « 
dct.chicu; f roo re^litv (IT- **II, «"virormcnt. The end effect of this 

fWTlM* „ one of priV^TtlZil^ l 0t0 * "«* th « « »• 

s»*s ek, ~ ^ 

«««.. he feels that loi^Lui 3J dU * ,,! ^ Such eo P"hy 

opinion coocTnlns rh. telepathic -SL^. <£ t J* * «l«M«c. of 

experience „ h e th( . r ?f . rcclvc<J f a .e a "C!?» S , T * - c »»l"*» 

proofs per unit o.' ti::, : . 1 13 b " t in [ 0 ™ tton «■* TUn can 

sctt-ntUts have H;.--,o,t -t,^ cc ' nulon ""^ 'sonosical. C-ech 

r. _,,d perhaps fla Mr . T as |>0ao ( , Sii 

DST- 161 OS- lb?- 7 5 
September 1^75 

billion, or sewn trillion semiconductor clf«ntt In operation, and another 
•even trillion In reserve. The brain ha* about 14 billion cicrvr cells. 
If only 10 billion are .ible to receive inlornaUon at any one tine, and the 
transmission tenacity of a nerve liber is 14 bit* per second, then thia 
acan* that the or a in U able to receive i40 billion hits of information 
per second. Thus the cctactry capacity of the brain secw lo be a cillLon 
tines greater than that of current computers. Tor ordinary p-ntftion 
.jd deliberation. 14 to 16 bits/second arc adequate. But for aorc coa- 
plicated perception and deliberation, audi as the solution ol a nathoejti- 
cal probleo, etc.. about 50 bit* per second are needed. The brain's itoJt 
reserve bit capacity may Indicate that unconsciously and sublialnally. nan 
■uy be j-crcoivinR tar core information than what has been assuecd previously. 
Experlocncs with known telcRnostlcs sees to conllrn this, since thev appar- 
ently process and evaluate a hu?e quantity ot information within an un- 
Ir-jglnably short tine. 

Czech theoretical cybemet i clans arc proposing the construction of 
computers that will "create" and possess at le*-t a decree ol intuition. 
However, the Czechs that this concept is soeevhat r-renaturc, because 
they do not yet understand tiiese processes in nan and are unable to describe 
then adequately. arapsycholoRy nay eventually provide aurh essential 
knowledge about these processes and thereby hel(- cybernetics in solvlnR 
the problca of teaching computers to create. The pclnt Is nc* ceit.y to 
build nore-perfect computers, but to deslr.n conputcrs with qualitatively 
new functions. Work is now underway on a fourth gcnetation o( computers, 
and a fifth generation in being, planned. The Czechs believe that para- 
psychology is already capable of offering cybernetics fruitful nodels. } * 
In the opinion of socio cybcmellcians,^ the present prostheses thai replace 
Missing parts of the body are foreign bodies within Ihe orr.anita. recaidless 
of how perfect they nay be. Once the technology of nolccular circuits is 
Mastered it will be possible to integrate perfectly a pro* -icsls and the 
central nervous system's information systea. from there It will he only a 
rhort step to direct nan-oachlne cecanini cation. UndcrstandlnR of nolccular 
Circuits will also clarify the nechanisna or extrasensory coosaunicatlon 
between people. 

The Soviet-Czech tea«\ approach to parapsychology research, not widely 
used as yet in the "-'est . will advance thee irto direct ran-cadifnc coo- 
aunlcaclon, creative computers, and eventually Into cybo«RS. i.e.. huajn 
Inductors coupled with physical psychotronlc Iiutnsv'.i llion. 

Frantisefc Ka!iuda of Charles University. Prague expanded on :Vc 
original "r.eutrii.o" theory proposed in 19bo by Ye. : i -iov of ihc Luvirt 
Union. Kahuda and other Czech researchers h*vc aebonst rated thai spare 
(cental horizon) and cine (r^ot;»l tiee) in the world oi r.enlal processes 
have characteristic properties that should be in accord with the properties 


Scptcabct 19 75 

Of the particle. Chat are the Material vehicles of such processes. These 
•re par tit Us that in nan's lownul relativlaclc Mental process say have 
a velocity v - c (c equals the velocity of lijtht In vacuun) without vjo- 
latlng in the external physical world Einstein's postulate that the 
oaxlBwa feasible velocity is v < c. Such particles, essential to cental 
process^, have not been discovered to «iace. Kahuda calls th« mental 
ions or '•=cntlona." 

For physical siicropartlcles other than luxona. which have a velocity 
v - c (photons and neutrinos). Olexa-Hytco Bilsniuk and F.C. Coorgc 
Sudarshan introduced in 1969 the concept of tardyons for subliminal par- 
ticles traveling at velocities v - c. and the concept of tschyonslor 
physical r.eperlinLnal particles traveling at velocities v > c. ihc actual 
existence of tachyons with an i-aglnary rest .ass. h.*a not been provon so 
far. Thus, the predicted tachyons correspond to Kahuda s pent ion* travel- 
ing at velocities v > c; the tardyons and luxons correspond to the ecnuoos 
traveling at velocities v £ c. however, the essential difference b'tweeu 
tachyons and the Cr«ch mentions is that tachyons are supposed to be par- 
ticles of the physical tticroworld and hence also of Inanimate *" urp - 
whereas ccntions arc particles foriied by living organises, specifically 
by their nervous systems, that represent ratter on the highest level of 
organisation, with the aost complex and finest structure. Moreover. 
Kabul's theory does not require the Introduction of leap. I nary rest u« 
as in the case ut tachyons: it predicts the real existence of Bent ions, 
based on lolrly accurate laboratory ceasurcoenta of the physical tlcN? and 
mental tic* of the investigate/! cental Material Motions. 

In agreement with the lava of the electron's quantun field theory. 
Xahuda asauaes that an entire conglomerate of elementary mention fields, 
specific to the Ine -vldual oentioaa. foras through inter.ction and trans- 
mutation, a single coamon -mention field in w:,ich the mental —"fl" 1 
actions take place - a sort of metaethcrlc environment that is linked to 
nan's living jrganlsm and exists In nature independently of the will of 
all human beings. [Hiring the mental process of thinking one Mental par- 
ticle "changes" into another, however Kahuda does not designate any 
particle as prlaary and another particle as secondary. These conscant 
changes and mutual transmutations reflect the psychic world s Material 
hooogeneity. The bxslo of this hooogeneity is ihe notion of mentions as 
unlversil Material particles of the huaan psyche. From the theory based 
on the principle of quantum aentiodynamics Kahuna has proposed the fol- 
lowing Soroula for total ocntion energy: 

1) 2 

E (2) * c 

const «v 



September 1975 

„,.„-. the potential (p.ychtc) energy of th« lnvctlRated rc- 

SoS*2 r"r« Sir^«tl«i It folio- chat the rcc —.of 

lilt, the flr-t ^.tto). «rf vhca numerically Ep<*> - E. U exprced 
by the rcUttoaihip: 

2) const 

16 approximately 106 Co 19° tioes »e*ll«-r than the r**t *as. ™ 

Chat were «a.vrcd indirectly at ti^oa-eat -hen the mental procc«be*aa 
^^frcTo 384- 10" 10 to 9.7W10" 10 erg, which Is Approximately the- saxe 
]^J^ £»« the o«otl«t cf Chi. £ 

amplitude is rouRhly :S. Kahuda that after the con~nce«enc oitne 

.Sil proce«, S the cou.e of Its < — Ch : o V ^ t ,°e to taf^oo 

I"! Kahuda think* that it w.U now be P?£* "-JS"* " mentiodynaoic a. the <,oanct» theory o. mention field.. 

Mention energy, which nay be the e,.ence of Che F^Jg^^ 


KahuoV. result, indicate chat electromagnetic proce.-e. .loos cannot 
be chicle, ol p.ychlc procc.-e.. and that within 
entire complex ~nc.i acruccure there mo-c also exi, another 
M U1 one that pernlt. the propagation of ^^un 

interaction, at velocities K r*atcr Chan the veloc cy o llghc 

In Kahuca's opinion. It is Indisputable that -*"tion. do 

^olnc. ouC that the discovery and experimental verllicat on of -enC "J" 
Squire a thorough theoretical knowled R e of chelr P°" tb,c ( ^" Ct "'"' " 
«nd the cost sophisticated and cost accurate measuring equipment at .ci 
ence will be able to develop. ji 


(Averse Blank) 

September 1975 

Part A - Basic Research 

Behavior oodlf iratlon through telepathic sican* is In itaelf applied 
research. Toe change* or alteration* of activity doalr-: can be 
either beneficial or detrimental to the percipient. Soviet research In 
the field of behavior codification by telepathy dating froo the early 
1920s throufth the earlv 1970s has had one ~j»r objective — application 
of techniques. In telepathy research, unlike research In w»t scientific 
disciplines, the spiled phase preceded the basic phase. T»^"'=Pl» 
this is why telepathy is at 111 called a phenomenon, both In the USSR and 
the Ifect. The phenomenon of telepathy has nanv applications, one os which 
is behavior oodlf icatlor-. Basic research therefore appllct to the phen- 
omenon itself; this is covered In Part I Section 11 and Part 11 (Psycho- 
tropic Ccncrator Research). 

Part B - Applied Research 

Between 1920 ar.d 1943, L.L. Vasllcv conducted numerous experiments 
involving telepathic ticntal suf^cstlon; hl» first work involved the 
uental suggestion of ootor Uusclr) «ove»ents. This early work was based 
in part on the published results of slnllar cxpcrloents conducted bv 
Dr. Joire 34 of Li lie. France. Vaailcv's hu»an test subjects were a<ked to 
perfona various suscular oove«K.ttt» through the oedlun o« telepathy. Foi 
comparative purposes soe»e tests were aadc with hypnotized pel c.'pients. 
wiiile others were placed enly In a relaxed stale. Purine. the saoe tlae 
fr«*e (1920-1943), Vasilev also conducted expcrlncnts Involving the cental 
•ur.te.tlon of visual inaces and sensations with and without hypnosis. 
Vaallev's results Indicated that It was altogether possible to teiepathlcally 
surest and produce voluntary, controllable ootor acts as well as influence 
Involuntary, uncontrollable noverent. He noted that sooe of the best sub- 
jects for the suRgestton of notor acts were unsuitable for Denial surest Ion 
of visual isages and vice versa. Apparently there was no visible positive 
correlation between these two variants of telepathic susceptibility. Sorac 
of the subjects ur.dcr hypnosis responded i-ore readily to verbal t Ion 
of a sensory nature while others were oore responsive to verbal ««ilon 
of the notor type. This observed variance applied for both cental and 
verbal suggestive techniques. After a thorough s.-rles of experiments. 
Vasilev concluded that suggestion InvolvlnR hypnosis would provide 
the cost fruitful results. 

According to Ostrandcr and Schroeder, 5 the ability t« teiepathlcally 
produc- states <obli leration of one's consciousness) I r<!-= .i 
distance of a few niters to over a thousand kilometers becaiae the ovsl 




September 1975 

thoroughly tested and perfected Soviet totitributlom to International 
parapsychology, Parapsyohoioglsts in Leningrad and Moscow deoonscrat-d 
the telepathic manipulation of consciousness and correlated It with 
systematic EEC recording*. The Naunov-Sccgcyev-Pavlova u-a found 
EEC recordings changed dr«atlcslly when the telepathic Impulse contn.oed 
a message affecting human emotions. Transmission of several successive 
captions of a negative character elicited the appe-rance ot ctoss- 
cxcltailon of the brain. It changed the spontaneous EEC character to 
the tired state of the brain. dominated by alow, hyperayncluonl zed waves 
of the delta ..:-..! theta type. Percipients of unpleasant emotion* followed 
by positive emotions (fet-llnga of caloncss or chectf ulnes*) regained 
normalized ECC'a within one to three minutes. Other Soviet tests included 
sending to the percipient the anxiety associated with suffocation and the 
sensation of a dizzying blow to the bead. Pavlova, Sergevev and Xanmov 
uncovered loprcssive data on the power of thought and concluded that J 
person doesn't have to conjure up hia own "nasty" thoughts: someone else 
can do It and tclepathlcally transalt thea co him. S. Serov and A. Troskin 
of Sverdlovsk dcso-.istratcd that the number of white blood cells rose ny 
fifteen hundred after they suggested positive emotion to patients. Kcre 
important was the observation that after Impressing negative emotion, the 
white cell count decreased by sixteen hundred. Since leucocytes arc one 
of the body's tuln defense mechanisms against disease, such a telepathlcally 
imposed shift in cell count could be jaed in altering nun -in health. In 
Similar research the Czechs found that Intense mental activity in the 
seadsr caused, at a distance, a alight change in blood volume In a resting 
percipient. Me.-surcnents were made with a plethyseograph. Experiments 
in the West have verified this phenomenon. Soviet and Czech research In 
manipulative telepathic techniques has also included experimental trans- 
mission of kinetic Xnpulses, sound, and taste. 

Oetslde of the Sjviet and Czech research on the manipulative possi- 
bilities of PK and psychotronic generators, the e=phasls on manlpulat.on 
by oeans of telepathy still involves the use of hypnotism. Many Soviet 
and Czech scientists are using this technique as a means to try to iden- 
tify the "carrier" of tclcpr.thy but others may be conducting such research 
for more devious reasons. 

Dr. Stefan H*-.:zarskl of Poland predicted that the field cf telepathy 
will open new avenues for spreading propaganda. H>; feels that tho electro- 
magnetic theory is valid and believes, theicfore. that telepathy can be 
aspllfled like radio waves. Telepathy would th*n become a subtle uev 
sjdus for the "lnf Iiiencers" of the world. Soce Western Soilovers of 
psychic phenomena research arc concerned, for cxasple, with Use detri- 
mental effects of Subliminal perception technique* belr.t targeted .»»;. inst 
US or allied personnel In nuclear oisslle sllcs. The subliminal o<s:.«c 
could be "carried" by television signals or by telepathic wans. 




1 - ; 

Srp t wttr 1975 

Psycho t tonic generator* (also called Pavllta g^neratora after the 
inventor) are eixall device* said to be capable of drawing biological 
energy f ton hucuno; the energy i« accu»ulaled and stored for future use. 
Once charged with huun energy, the generators can do soae of the things 
a psychic aubjece can do. bot. According to the Inventor. Robert Pavllta. 
can be charged by lrdlviduala possessing no paychlc ability. 3 

The concept of nan aa a source of unusual energy datet back at lease 
as far aa ancient Chinese 2nd Hindu teachings. In which lc was called 
"vital energy" or "prana." Ketween the 18th and 20th centuries It was 
called various thing* (anieal cagnctlaai, odlc force, actor force, o-rays. 
e the tic force, etc.) by rediscovcrcrs of its existence. In ct .itenpnrery 
Soviet and Chechoslovakian parapsychology thla energy is called tlo— 
plesalc or paychotronic energy. The Chechoslovakian rediscovery of 
biological enerey la credited to Robert Pavllta. an Inventor and buslneas- 
■un from Prague who began work on his devices over thirty yearr ago. 3 

Soaw reprcBentctive cxnoplea of Pavllta generators are shown in 
Figures 3 through 1. Ho derails of their construction have ever been 
oade available to Western observers, possibly because Pavllta eventually 
plana to seek foreign patents. It hi» been reported, however, that the 
devices aro fabricated f roe« various metals (steel, broate. copper, iron, 
gold) and ttua their effects are a result of their form. 3 

Pavltro's generators can be charged by direct contact (e.g.. rubbing 
or touching to the temporal region of the head) or by visually directing 
rental concentration upon then from a dlstar-ce. The nature of the energy 
•tored is still not understood, but over the year* a nuaher of observa- 
tion* about Its effects have been reported. It can be reflected, re- 
fracted, polarized, and combined with other fores of energy. It creates 
effects similar to aagnetlra. heat, electricity, and liaslnous radiation, 
but Is itself none of th»j*. The energy apparently can be conducted l<y 
paper, wood, wool, siik. and other substances normally considered to be 
good Insulators. The devices have been tested by coed salons of experts 
froo. the Czechoslovak! an Academy of Sciences anif the University of Hraeec 
Kralove in Prague. Static electricity, air currents, tesperiiture changes, 
and awvaietise*. "'"re clinlriated as possible explanations tnr the observed 
effects. In addition, the cnerry exerted Its effect through glass, water, 
wood, cerdbo«rd. or any type of ^ecal and was not diminished. 



September 1975 


• Psychokinesis <PK) , or as it Is soot times called, telekinesis. is 
the ability to Influence anioute or Inanimate objects at a distance, 
without physical contact, by etezns of uncontrolled or controlled 
biological energy Held*. Sooe, but not all, of the effect* of Pk 
include: initiation or cessation ol action In Inonieucc objects; 
apparent neutralization of the el feet of gravity on inanimate objects 
(levicatioa) ; induction of changes in physiological processes of 
anloate Mltcr; Che creation of ocasurabie electric. elcctrcuagncllc, 
electrostatic. aaj;netic, or gravitational fields around target 
objects; and the Io?o3i:loa of Inagce on shielded photographic csultlow. 

Current Soviet and Crcchaclovaklan parapsycho logical .escjrch 
caphasls is on Identification and quantification of the generated 
b<ocner£etic force fields, identification of lb* physiological proccmie* 
underlying their origin, and development of practical applications of 
PK energy. 

Tnerc are fund^oental differences between the Soviet and Cr.cch 
approaches to ?K research. Since paranormal research was granted 
political respectability in the Soviet Union In the 1950' j, Soviet 
•dentists have concentrated their investigations on a relatively few, 
highly "gifted", r^ychlc ihtlviduals. a:xd have attempted to dciL-raine 
what (if any) phy: loio/ical attributes underlie their capfcbi li t les and 
differ frosi those of non-psychic subjects. Parallel with these efforts 
to determine causpis), the Soviets have concentrated considerable 
effort or. determination of the nature of tie energy fields forecd and 
to atf«s;ts dataralM wlietiiet all p.ychoilnctlcally gifted subjects 
create the saae. or different, energy fielils. 

Catenas lovaklan research is also cause-and-cf feet oriented, tut 
appears to be governed far store by the belief that PK effects can be 
produced by a cijority of people and that no inherent or highly dcvcloned 
psychic capability Is prerequisite to the investigation and deaonst rat ! on of 
PK effects. 

September 1975 

Soviet research has tafcen »«wr«l different direct len* In effort- 
to develop aaterUlU'lc c»p matlons for observed PR effects. This 
research tw*> involved In-dcpth studies of the characteristics of the 
electrical field between subject and object, character l**t ion of ele«-.- fields irsacdiately around the subject, study of bioclectrlcal 
ficlda by detection devices, study of subjects' brainwave pattern*, 
and photography of the subjects* bloenergy fields. To date. Soviet 
acietitlsts are by no scans i:\ accord concerning the nature of the 
forces Involved, buc all arc In agreement that a physical encroy is 
at «#ork. J ' 

Br. Viktor C. Adaiacnko of the Hwcw Institute of Kadlophyslcs . 
Dr. Viktor Inyushln, of the Kazakh University, Al.ia-ala, and ftr. iTcn.idy 
Serceyev of :.he A. A. LVtooskll Physiological Institute. U-nlr.crad ore 
the leading Soviet theoreticians studying PR. *oth Inyushin and 
Sergeyev have developed theories based on the existence of a new fora 
of cnorgy-a :"cra of biological energy referred to as •'bloplasrsa". Ttioy 
consider PH effects as analogous to lightning accidentally charging a 
surface and ;'eel that oovcocnt In PK occurs as a result of the Interaction of 
the object's electrostatic charge and olcctroangnetlc field with the 
huoan operator's field. The biological energy iuvoived 1* ur.der 
conscious direction by the subject, who can take a target object start 
or sro? oeui.-n, change direction, or r*t«te. Sergeyev developed 
instrumental ion which erasures changes in the bloplasatc flcid at 
distances up to 3 suiter* (9.9 feet); lie has recorded fields of 10.000 
volts/ccntir».:Cer in the vicinity of a target object with no indication 
of an electrical Held in Che space between the subject and the object. 
According to Scrscyev, bloplasalc energy Is caxioally concentrated In the 
head region. He attributes ?K to a polarization ot the Mop'as=j in a 
laser-like fashion and refers to this an a ^lolaser effect" which 
acta as a asterlal force upon tne object, * 

Dr. Sergeyev has developed detector* that oool tor the energy field 
during PC de=on»tratlon#. Although Western observers have been denied 
Information on the construction of Che detectors, (information reported 
to have been classified hy the Soviet Military), details nav have b«cn 
published by the Soviet Acadcay of Sr!:nces. It la possible that the 
Sergcyev detectors are slailar to c h o* ^ developed by an American, David 
Thcason. Thaason'i devices, which have bjcu used In huaan fcrco field 
research at the 1'nlverslty of Saskatchewan. Canada, consist of two 
capacitor |>lat«», a prcanpl if icr. and a line recorder like that of 
in eneep halo^raph. Other Soviet force field detector rosojrm hn b^i-n 
done at the Laboratory for Biological Cybernetics In tli«- I Diversity of 
Ltnlr-srad Pl.-slology Dep.irtnent . There, according to Soviet veporis. 
Dr. Pavel CulyaUv enveloped cxcrcncly Bcr-xlcive e!cctr«*irs capable of 
detectir.g the electrical force fields of nerves at distances up to -4 




September 19 75 

C*ntlMt«r* (9.46 Inches). For s»re detailed Internal i on oa Soviet 
biolo 6 ic*l energy detector*, tbc reader is referred to reference (5). 
paget* 393-396. 

I Dr. Adsnenko ha* conducted experiments to ascertain the role of 
electro* etc Ic charge* on the surface of targjc objects *s the cause of 
their ooveneut. Adaaeolto has advanced the theory that aan may be 
anisotropic - i.e., nan cay be able to alter his external energy state 
in accordance with hla internal energy slate, and this ability in turn, 
nay depend on hla physiological processes. According to Adaarnko, 
hvnans, aniaals. and plants probably possess electric fields as a result 
of sponimeeus tissue polarization. uiiJ such fields uay interact with 
externally loposed or induced charges, he proposes that the observed 
properties ol living tissue coae closest to the properties of e sect rets 
Elcctrets are defined as "forcibly" polariied bodies Itavlog coaoaratlvely 
high conductivity and the ability to caintain an external electrical field 
after exposure to Adverse factors of cither the external or Internal 
environment. Adaacnko has shown that the eatcrlal basis of contactlcss 
interaction between nan «md objects results froa an electrostatic field 
whose ca,-nltude depends on stan's physiological state. Other Soviet 
researchers have observed that when subjects are exposed to various ex- 
ternal sticuli. their physiological state varies in both the character and 
tMgnitudc of the bloelectret effect. They have forced the hypothesis that 
Che pola.-ltation of living tissues is tbc explanation for contact less in- 
teractions between huaans and between huaana and objects. 

Adaoenko has also advanced the concept that, in the thermodynamic 
aense, living tissue May not be subject to the sane physical l*ws that 
are vslld tor Inorganic natter. He argues that living tissue may 
post-ess "new" properties (in teras of tlicrnodynaalcs) when conparcd with 
inorganic aatter. He belleven that if living aolecules differ 
qualitatively froa inorganic aolecuies, then « distinction may exist 
between "living" sod "technical" force fields. To dooonsirate his 
point, Adaaenko cakes reference to healing by "the laying on of hands" 
(in Western terras "faith healing"). The Soviets have Measured electrical 
fields between "healers" and patients, yet knowing these field potentials 
they have not been able to duplicate tbc beneficial eiferts obtained Iron 
huemrji by Mens ot raechanically gent rued ilelds. 

Aleksandr Dubrov, a blophyslclst with the Institute cf Exrth Physics, 
USSR Acadcsy of Sciences, has advanced the concept of "blogravitatlon" 
to explain I'K. hi ogravi tat Ion, as a tcra, was introduced by Soviet 
physicist V.A. In I960, and was used to refer to the ability of 
living organises to fora and detect gravitational waves. t)ui>rov bases 
his theory on currently accepted concepts ot Bolt-cular biology and 
lilt-h-encrgy physics. 




y tn Secular biology. the capacity of intracellular -olecile. to 
.Iter their ..patlal structure U recognired. Slo-oleeale* are capable 
of mUrc the transition froa a "liquid 1 * to « orderly crystalline 
state. Dubrov defies this change a, "MlcoiUr cor.for~tional change ; 
like present day hl S h energy physicist,, he believe. that as a result 
of this ch»»e. the Boleculem ere brought so close to each other that 
tnseendou* forces of attraction or gravitation eoerp.e: when this occurs. 
« constant conformational field having * "quaslgravitat lonai nature is 
fon»ed. In Dubrov's opinion. thl« cean* that a vector, or force field, 
is forwed at the subcellular level which is capable of attracting or 
repelling naturally occurring gravitational forces, or of itself 
emitting Binute gravitational wave*. 

Oubrov feels that psychic subjects e-iy. in »c« nanner. have the 
ability to synchronise their subcellular oolecular conformational 
changes tnd thus generate attractive or gravitational fields ol 
efficient strength to alter clectrooagnetic or natural gravitational 
forces acting on a target object. Uubtov. like sate other Soviet and 
Western perapsycho legist i, thinks that changes in the space-tine 
cont:auua aav be the basis for observed PK pheooaena - I.e., tio* «aay 
be accelerated or decelerated by the psychic subject. 

In 1°73 and 1W*. a Soviet psychic na«ed tk-rt. Ertsolayev parti- 
cipated in a series of experiocnts at Moscow University. Erwlayev is 
reported to have the ability to levitate (suspend) objects in .ldalr by 
concentraJing psvchlc energy .at a focal point io space.- In mm ol 
the tests, Eraolayev pressed an object between hlo hands, then slow.y 
coved his hands apart until they were approxlaatcly eight Inches frost 
the object, which retained suspended in the air. Soviet -dentists 
clala that all tests were conducted under the strictest controls and 
that no strings or other devices of any kind were used. Dubrov feels 
that Er-olayev's levitatlon power, can be used to prove that space-tloe 
and gravitational changes occur in the area between the psychic s hands 
and the object. He suggests that the transmission of electromagnetic 
energy of known velocity should be delayed when beaeed through the 
levltatlon field. 

Two fc«ale psvchlc subjects. Nina Kulagina and Alia Vlnogradova, 
have b**n studied extensively by Dr*. Sergoyev and Ad«*nko. According 
ro Scrgevev. Mrs. Kulaglna can control the beat of frog heart prepal&t tons , 
l»prlnt iaages on slilclded photographic cauls ions, and aove objects 
weighing one pound or nor*, in 1970. Dr. Sergcyev cor.d-.ct~d experiments 
in which Mrs. Kulaglrj was asked tc influence, if possible, a living Irop 
heart preparation; such preparations i.ortuily continue to beat for several 
hours niter tccoval irro Che anleal's bodv. In one experiocnl. the 
heart was placed in s glass jar 2^ feet froe ::rs. Kulagina. As she 



September 1975 


it-. ■■ 


concentrated on controlling its beat, electrocsrdlogra-s showed that the 
»tc of contraction increased or decreased at her co—wnd. Five ailnutcs 
•Iter th« experiment began, she stoned its beat entirely. When a second 
preparation was placed la the Jar lta beat was .topped In 21 •loutea. 

In other experiments. Mrs. Kulaftlns loprintcd l«aat.ea on unexposed 
fllai sealed in black envelopes. D>irln K these experiments S^rgcyev 
sxafiured the energy around the psychic'* body and found It to be half 
Ihit of a non-psvehic Individual. This led S*rgcyev to bellow that 
she absorbs, or dr»*s. energy fron around her and then discharge* it on 
the target object. 

Mrs. f.ulagina experiences considerable stress while she Is being 
teatad. Her puis* increases, as doca her rate of breathing; she develops 
pain in her upper spine and the back of her neck. At the onset of her 
"activated" state she feels thirsty and has a laate of Iron or copper In 
her pooih. During the activated state, she experiences ©ecn.-lor.3l 
periods of dixsiness and nausea. Her blood sugar level rises and within 
one hour following cessation of tests, a loss of weight (1.5 - 2.0 lbs) 
occurs. She c.v,>crienccs less stress when atone, and clalos tc respond 
best in sa atnospnere of friendly outual crust and belief. Iisr PK 
eblllty is oood dependent (her oood and the rood of the observers) and 
ah« expends wire energy in « hostile or skeptical atnosplierc. 

The Bcchanlcal aspects of Mrs. Kulagloa'a PK effects are as follows: 

a. Site and shape are e»rc important than the physical structure of 
the substance she is trying to influence. 

b. Weight and dimensions of objects she is trying to wove are 
iaportant; the weights vary froo a few ounces to nearly one pound. 

c. She finds saving a vertical cylinder easier than ooving a 
horizontal one. 

d. She causes no changes in the shape of soft objects during 

c. The direction an object ooves dopends on her will, and nay be 
cither toward or :.way froa her. She can aJso cause rotational or 
vertical cxv/encnts to occur. 

f. Kulag-na's opticuo field effect occurs at approxtaat ely l k i feet; 
her distance Hail Is .ipproxinately 3 feet and 4 inches, when the object 
to be Influenced 1* i feet forn the edge of the working surface. At 
these distances she is *aid to be able to oovc one object out of nany. 


September 19 75 

depending upon, where she center* her concentration. 

Th* electrical aspects of Culaglna's effects are as follow*: 

a. An electrical field la generated In the vicinity ol the 
Object *b* la at t tap ting to Influence; however, there lb no 
oaeauraMe field between ttulagloj and that object aad no sparks arc 

b. She can esert no effact on an object altuated In a vacuus. 

c. Electrostatic screening has no effect on her powers, which 
sees to be better with the object under a dielectric cover, hut 
ah* la unsuccessful during stores or other atsoepheric condition* 
vhec there is a greater than nornal amount cf electricity in the air. 
She cannot, st any tfse, exert an influence on tin electroscope. 

d. She can cause luminescence of crystal lualphors and produce 
rhsnges la the speccruu of visible ilght absorbed by liquid crystal*. 

t-r. AdaaenVo has found that Alia Vlnogrndov.i produces effect)* 
dollar to those of Nina Kulagina, but undergoes tar leas pisyslologl cal 
otress. In »o=e of his experiments with her in Moscow, during which 
sbe aoved a variety of ob Jeers about on a dielectric auria-o, a great 
deal of e Meat 1c (ES) energy waa ncasured around the objects 
(supposedly enough to light a saall neon glow tube). The e*a*urcr«jnts 
detected field pulsations which were synchronous with Vino^radova's 
rcaplrstion rate, heartbeat, *ad brain alpha rhy tha pattern; however, 
the region between Vinogradv * and the object contained no energy 
fields nor frequencies, and Che ES energy Increaaea In Intensity as the 
objects uer* approached. 

The results with Alia Vinogradov* have led Adancnin to believe that 
there nay be individuals who have the ability to build yi> an ES field 
on the body surface at will and project It as required. -»° 

The Creche, like the Soviets, are attempting to identify the source, 
or sources, of biological energy, but their research is not centered on 
psychically gifted individuals. Instead, tone leading Cac.-Ji parapsvchol- 
oglats have developed the theory that oost people possess psychic capa- 
bilities and that such capabilities cv>y best be dcaonstratvd as observable 
nc eifects. Ciech parapsychology rcscjtcn is currently heavily VK. 
oriented, probably as a result of Robert Pwllu's developn^nt ol 
psychotronic generator* (described in P-rt LI cf ;Ms study). Hlw Czechs 
believe thac the use ot ihcsi> cevlces ior biological enetKV rollectlon 
and concentration osy tsakc it possible for ncariv . /one to cause r"K 


Septcatwr 197S 

Although the design and construction or the K ««™">r* »>« S«ttc coaplex. 

they are staple to operate and require only alnlmal training in their oper- 
ation. They l.a«e twa other ejjor advantages, they require no supervision of 
the subject by an investigator and the observable physical effects (sot ion. 
cttreclion. etc.) »crv« as positive, encouraging feedback for the aubject. 

One «if Pavllla'a devices for deaonatrat lop PK is shown in Figure 8. 
The usual way of chare ins th<= device with psychic energy I* to touch the 
teaplc area of the head with the hand, then touch the device. The accumu- 
lated energy then cause* the spoked wheel to revolve. lavltta clalse, that 
with training sou individual, can Kara to oake the wheel turn by visual 
concentration alone. 

Ciecl. physicist Julius Kr»cssky4l has experimented with very light 
foil or paper discs or cylinder* enclosed In circular containers; the 
effect of biological energy on thea is generally a slow, bat observable, 
rotation. They have no directly practical appllcat Ions . but Krcessky 
feels that they arc ideal research tools, since they are sinple, inexpen- 
sive, ar.-l require no special training or psychic talent for their operation. 
A owlet -.iniiar to Krsousky's Is shown in Figure 9. The cylinder is oadc 
zo rotate by placing the hands above or alongside the device while concen- 
tric Inc on«« tfarc on the upper strip, or cross-bar. Kraessky rccucsends 
isolation of the syslea iron the ootlon of air and the eflect o! heat 
radiation by enclosing It In glass. octal, or other containers with provi- 
sion lor inspection through a glass cover. Motions in enclosed spaces 
arc Slow and l.ence not too spectacular, but are nevertheless convincing. 
The slow rate of motion or the occasional icooblllty cannot be explained 
by the walls be in* impenetrable to outside lapulncs. because the device 
Is able U detect the Hearing of a hand, even through a thick layer 
of luraber. netal. water, etc. The cause lies aooewhere else. The 
reaction of rotatloual systcoa in free and encleaco space is highly 
variable and changes with place and ti=e. KraessSry believes that chanRCii 
of oeteoro logical or even a cosalc nature may be the ca-ia,-. Slnllar cases 
occur wltli physics experiments, where even the most carefully prepared 
elect rest itlc Inn <*ay not be successful If a change In wfather 
raises It..- relative huaiditv or causes alterations In atmospheric lo:i I xal Ion. 
Magnetic .-xpcri=«.:its are disrupted by the proxloitv rl rvi.jiets. electrical 
wirln- an I appliances, and also by the aurora boreal I*. r.n::'.pol activity, 
or oilier mosaic causes. The causes ol disturbances in IK experiments 
have yet :o be explained. Kroessky feels that no quantitative e-bsei vat Ions 
could be udv in the privacy ol hoces . where diverse eile. (s acuroiiatc and 
overlap. Such efiects are various radiations,,-es i:> lli«" conditions 
of lllusi nation (in the intensity <>f dlliused daylight, I' r cvaupie) , 



UST- IB 10S- 337-75 
S«pt<xabcr 1975 

a*i .Uo the presence Hi changing position* of object. and pt-itoM, 

«!*,«■ «L. or circular plane* rotating *b w » t ^^J^"' ™ 
«c 8 ul-r «l.(itl M oi the rotational v;steo* «« ct a 

noticeable, but oore often they are «^IWx?«Ti«^I- other 
«teh'. hand. How«v«. *^ ^ ioB . PUc -.nt tn 

f^cSSL^'M H^tc^elT A glass J.r or cylinder 
iKflSE E - Sounacd laraday ca 8 e of woven "jJ^J" 

srsi: '^rt-cr^^^^v-o^r-t^-^^'f 

flashlight, even ,'roa a considerable d stance. Cadet .table ojdUlo 

h.. r and Kent the indicator* irauin steady in »o»e eouwiormn 
£SL? \ l 2£ of this is the fact that when « 

indicator I« permanently located, it settle, in the .«~ ecui UbTlua 
r?„ a ever^Tt^t and renins I. it until Bornin*. After iwcUe. 
e^n ^ a cWy day it occuplc a new position and «intai M It 

rteiri™ of thAkv. to the presence of a person, tc a change In the 
~.u£n» of nearby objects, etc. Fr<~ such ob.crvat ions . 

cannot be determined in the i^dlatc environoent. then 

:s;::,s!; six's sea r«s ; r£> 

either a r.a.e or the profit, of the hand and a very slo^.p ,cc 
cay be as favorable .'•a possible. 



--• -•••-'•ft 

: - 1 

• :v 


t mll |i; found that the indicator* r««ct«d not only to the 
.,nc*a of a kiawi body, but also to a slightly leaver eatcnt to 
otbar aoloatc and inanimate objects. They also reacted to Che 
n*arnesa of plant*. vegetable*, f cults, flowers, etc.. and to subjects 
mad* of a varlatv of oacerlals (metal, glass, etc.i so long *» the 
surface areas -ere sufficiently large. When the dic*nslon» of the 
objects were small, their activity w« Increased by roughing their 
surface, thus **»*ncially Increasing the surface area. Porous or 
spicy oblecta, such as sao~&e» or sea urchins were especially 
suitable for eip.ri.~r.ts oi this type. To insure that the temperature 
of these objects was che saac *a that of the movable syscer*. they were 
placed neer the indicator* tor a sufficient length of time to allow 
for temperature equilibration. Only then were expert»cc=t» perforoed. 
and the positive results obtained completely eliminated hec t 
radiation as the cource of energy. 

Krmesaky has found that although che hands and other ,-arcs of 
the body arc effective in induelrg rotational notion, a fl>ed guce 
produces Motion of Rreater magnitude, probably because It condense* the 
biological cnerey into a fa'.rly concentrated whereas tapuUe* froc 

the body surface arc scattered. The "visa*! ray* " were shewn to Mart an 
effect «v*n when re/lecled or when focused through binocular*. 

In Knsecsky's cspecliient* with inanimate objects and ; 
man'* role was of very brief duration and conslsced only ol 
the. objects or plants near the device, 'n future cxperli*r 
Kijsssky plan* to position such object* bv purely mechanics 
He feels that if positive result* arc still obtained, he wi 
deootvtrated chat interactions betveen object* and objects 
and object a differ. Ac the present bCagc of hi* research, 
bis hypothesis as follows: the indicator d<stinfcdishes the 
of object* from the effects of man ir. the following manner: 
object has been placed near the Indicator, the plane rotatt 
original equilibrium position co a new equilibrium poslcloc 
remains in it or gradually returns to the original poslilor 
dan affect* the Indicator, the final position of the indlc; 
plane depends on aan's will, unless fatigue, that i» an «ci 
phenomenon of psychic exertion, »ets in. 


I means. 

II have 
and humans 
Le supports 

after an 
s from Its 

. When 

Itrseasky believes that he is ooservlncj an energy flel> which is 
quite stellar to cagnetlen, hut a nagnctlsa vlth some flnei structure 
und a very unstable, iiult Jield. The poles of this n-ignei ic field 
*u»y be foreed by vory easily movable plasma particles that represent 
eleasntary ea:;necs which, under the Intlueiiee of external laccors, .ire- 
nevsr in a cca^letcly chaotic state, but rather in a very > n»*«ady 
state of partial ordering. Probably the occasionally obscived line 


DST-1810S- 187-75 
September 1975 

oscillations Of the Indicator plane* at the beginning of rotation nr.- 
•ctually the collective effect of the process of allfnlar. I he particle*. 
Krmssky has yet to explain wtiy. under **caln| Identical conditions .md 
lo to apparently identical stloull, the rotational indicator* 
of him devices are on one occasion attracted, -nd on another, repelled. 
Such erratic responses seem to indlcal" a double curette layer In 
wfalch ths polea are located side by side; thia is not feasible If the 
poles are slallar to electric chargca. The Indicators react aa tf 
there are positive, negative, and neutral loci alternately distributed In 
a relatively snail plane. The oat trials (roa which Lhe devices are 
built ir< such that they should not react to the Inductive effect of 
the earth's magnetic Held. 

Cnuitty has advanced the theory that the hypothetical poles In all 
objects on the earth's surface are Induced by light, or by rddiatinn 
in general. This "quisiajRnetlc field," theo. c-juld be a resultant 
phenomenon Induced by interaction of plaaaa and radiation, without 
having to Jb'<uM an. «nalot;y to the earth's statuette, field, lie 
accepts the hypothesis that in can's brain the processes ot thinking 
are accompanied by the notion of plasoa particles, nnd that this notion 
is the source of excitation or, nore .iptly, the Modulator in this 
bypclhetloai liclc" of very fine structure, able to trananit ouch nore 
subtle impulse* than the well-known electromagnetic, field. But even 
in this case, he docs not disregard the role ot the elec:rj»agnetic 
field. Certain phenomena — the reflection cf visual rays by polished 
surfaces, refraction, the effect of light on the polarity of object*, 
etc. — indicate that a cocoon dor.ool OJlor for and for the 
electromagnetic Held nay eventually bo found. 

Ml of the Soviet and Czech research on VK is significant, especially 
that associated with the spectacular Soviet psychics Kulagina, Vlnogradova, 
and £rcolayev. Kula&ina's highly publicised ability to affect living 
tissues eight be applied against huaen targets; in like Banner, 
Vlnog radova ' s power to ovrf objects, and Ensolaycv'* levltitlonal ability 
could possibly be used to activate or deactivate pi«cr supplies or to 
steal military docuwnts or hardware. Kobcrt i'avllta's j;eneralorK and 
Julius Kmesskv's I'K Indicators could be (and possibly are now) used to 
train lar^e nuabers ot lesser known Soviet ar.d Czech citizens to develop, 
enhance, ^r.L control their latent psychic abilities. Such a cadre of 
trained, but anonymous individuals could be used lor any uuaber .if 
covert activities. Less spectacular, but sure slj-nll leant . is the f.icl 
that Soviet -it-c Czech scientists are pursuing .in Interrelated, unified 
approach to Celeron; r.,; the energy M>urce» and interactions underlying 
PK aiitf app-jr to te tcr ahead of their Western counterparts in reach. ng 
this r.O->l. It will oe but a short step froa undu rstandi ev to application 
ar.d there is llt;ic douht zuiiy apu I ic.nt Ions can be directed toward 
sen tor wli.itever purpose, be it t;t?od or kjG. 



*4 r 

September 19/5 

1970, Oat rainier and Schroder 5 reported thst the Soviet* were 
studying out-of-the-bod>- pfaenoM* In Yogis: no detail, of the r« search 
verc Ctvcn. In 1972. the US new.papor *atlon.l Eooulrcr" report.-* that 
the Soviet, hod accomplished aatral projection 1a the laho.atory and cUvd 
the opinion of a ITS researcher that the tec:«ioue would be In «*c .or es- 
pionage before the end of the WW.J ouce a 6 *ln. no dotal s of the soviet 
work were furnish, d. with the exception of these two rcpo: ts. no other 
Information i. *v»ll»U on Soviet out-of-the-body rese.rei. and no report, 
indicative of any interest have beco-e available since 197.*. 

The Soviet", apparent lack of interest in out-of-the-J^dy phenomena 
ha. led sooe US scientist, to the conclusion that "they «u t be .nterefited 
in it and Investigating it." however, there l. Insufficient information at 
present to su P! K>rt the co.iclu.loo that such phenomena repr.nvnt a ■pacific 
area of classified Soviet research. 

s3 • { 

• -""3 

Scptcafccr 197? 


the apporr technique Is a torn astral projc-ctlon In which the 
psychic subject temper is hU "mwrny body" to * rewte site, defter la. 
«u object, then transport* It back ana sotcrialires it. In r»t report* 
there has been scoe wr» general speculation on esplonacc applications 
of the t^<jue but to date r.o definitive reports. l"S or forclRn. have 
verified ihe claltt ot psychics reputed to have the ability. There have 
been no Sovivt or European CaaaaUt Countries* reports concerning research 
on apport techniques and If auoi research is belnR conducted. i~ ■. a 
vell-kcrt secret- tack, of information on Soviet interest in the tcchuiq »e 
represents a n»Jor intelligence gap. 



\ Reverse Plank) 


- r 1 ir- ir. * Ti l .» '.J-«ri * * 

DST-1810S- 187-75 
September 1975 



Soviet and Chechoslovakian researcher* have accepted the reality of 
paranoica 1 events and arc prtnarlly concerned with the foraulatlon of a 
unified theory to describe the basic energy transformations involved. 
The Soviet caphasls on the electrostatic and elect raugneclc cocponrrts 
of the energy nay play an lxportant role in the final dcti-rainit ten <t 
the nature »f psychical phenoocca. This cephasls on energetics er 1: ter- 
fiction effects has lead to the concept that nan taunt be investigated as a 
cooplete, integrated unit. 

Soviet and Czech psychotropic research will evutuilly be appli.d to 
human probleas. As this occurs, the question will arise whether this 
knowledge an<i the equipment developed will be used for the cr.hanreoert of 
huaan freedon and social dcvelopoertt, or for reRlstentat ic:> and cnala< iwnt. 
Psychctronlcs could conceivably play a role In contributing to the sv.rvival 
of the huaan species; by emphasizing the Interconnections between all living 
beings. It should help to reduce husura aggressive tendencies. By th< saoe 
token, it could also be applied to Increase such aggressive Lcndencl.s end 
it has powerful potential for ure as an effective weapon groups of 
een ann key leaders. 

The Czechs clalra that a direct transfer of biological energy fr<« 
healthy to diseased or Injured muscle Is not only posslbl-, but provvn. 
The Soviets do not restrict the possibility of such energy transfer to any 
one physiological systcn. but atate Chat biological energy transfer can be 
utilized to relieve huaan functional disorders of the nervous systca, the 
internal organs, and the alnd. in all uses, such uedlcal applications of 
biological energy transfer are officially described as having beneficial 
results, but this nay not necessarily be true. By analogy, conventional 
■vcdlcal techniques can be beneficial, but when Misapplied, can cause 
serious dacage, or even death. By tne same token, there can nlso be 
"psychic" ca (practice, although the Soviets aod Czechs are not llkelv to 
publicize this fact. 

Both Czech and US researchers h*ve described Robert PavHta's w.irk 
with psyct.orrc.nic generators as possibly the nest lssportant comcrsporary 
development In ihc field of parapsychology and as a najor contribution to 
the deeper understanding, nastcry, and utilization of biological energy 
for husaa advjntor.e. Just as In th* example of direct transfer of bii>- 
loglcal energy fur ccdical purposes, the use of curb devices is not 


ST-CS-01- «87-7S 
Scplcxbcf 1975 

necessarily Intended to be beneficial. If Pavilta's cm kill 
Insects at present, their potential In the future after rcf tnr»*nt and 
enlargement nay well be for killing »cn. if bioencrgy can be reliably 
controlled and focused by such devices, dentil could be caused by dis- 
ruption of fundamental brain rhythms, heart control, or biological clock 

It should also be pointed out that son* of Tovllta's experinents 
sees) to contradict Soviet result* obtained with hunan*. As an exanple. 
the effect of his devices on suspended nagncts is lessened 1» the s 
are electrostatically shielded, whereas such shielding has no effect in 
Soviet experiments with XJna Kulagina and Alia Vinogradov.,. It would 
appear that although the Czechs and the Soviets are cx.icinlnc the saoe 
phenomena, passage of biological energy through Pavilta =. device* alters 
It in soae oanner. This raises the question of well these nachines 
can be controlled, and whether the alteration they Induce on bloencrgv is 
beneficial or detrimental. 

Soviet research with Kulagina and Viaogradova indicates that energy 
Interchanges, or transfer nechanlsos. nay be possible between ted 
psychics and inanimate objects. There is evidence that Soviet research 
with these woocn also involves atteispts to Influence* 
systems. In 1972. LaMothe- reported that Kulagina hod the capability for 
•topping and starting the beat of an excised, living, fro* heart. ^If 
true. It supports the contention that Czech and Soviet clalns for bene- 
ficial" applications of biological energy transfer are reversible - i« a 
frog heart can be started and atopped. the sa»t effects night be toposed 
on huaans. Such draaatlc effects illustrate sow* of the dangerous poten- 
tial of controlled biological energy transfer. 


Specter 1975 

In sussaary. it should be pointed out that Soviet parapsycholoRli to 
continue to face problem sloilar to those of thclc Western countcrp-Tts. 
In that -baerved phenomena are unstable and there is, low probability of 
proving thca in controlled test, under -elected conditions. Soviet. • ritic. 
of the science have been quick, to scire on these two characteristics in 
order to categorically reject nany of the pheno-ena, and they have b,- 
lictled «om« form of such oanif estatlons by contending that the conditions 
under which tests havo been conducted nave not been adequate to prec ude 
fraud. In vie- of this situation, the Soviets -ill contlnu* to investigate 
■ethodoloey. sine* they feel it absolutely necessary to quantify obs-rved 
phenomena. Although they have not yet done so. the Soviet* «y very veil 
be the first to identify the field forces involved and the oean* by which 
they arc E eneratcd. due to their concentration on the ■cchanlsma and 
energetics involved. 


(Reverse Clank) 

September 1975 



Crltlclwo : All Soviet science Is very ■uch influenctd by political 
Ideology Parapsychology. a* a result of tht fleeting ph.noocna it ilcals 
With, Is perhaps core vulnerable to Ideological attacks tl in other science. 
Soviet critics point out that parapsychology, as s "pseud'-sclenco." n.ikcs 
It enoroously oore difficult for the Party to eliolnatc tlaa religious 
prejudices and superstitions. They clal» thst parapsychology, if vlwd 
f roo. the standpoint 01" Unin. represents * revival of "bourgeois subjective 
idealise." Soviet critics clalo thst cubsensory, subthreshold percept ittt 
takes place in the presence of a stl«ulus and an analyzer and that such 
perception is s«ib;ect to the very saec physiological laws as is a sub- 
jectively registered perception. They adalt, however, the study of 
these laws . ; ttlU far froa the stage at which It will b.t possible to 
explain scientifically a person's oubconsclou* psychological Activity. 

Concentration on Energetics : Paced with such critic s«s. Soviet and 
Czech scientists engaged in parapsychology research have, mure and core, 
• tressed the "biological energy" cencspt. and are contlnu r.g to develop 
theoretical bases which will provide an integrated approach to paranorrml 
pheaooena. In order to bring their science more nearly in line with 
accepted theories of contemporary physics, they have postulated a "fifth 
state of natter" consisting of "free charted particles" arranged in organ- 
ised patterns foralng a unlfona energy network. They are continuing to 
eaphaalxe the electrostatic and clectroosgnetlc component i of such enerRy 
sod argue that the eventual definition of this energy will allow the« to 
ultinately integrate psychical phenomena into conteaporar' theoretical 
constructs of the universe. 

Official Attitude ; There ere no indications of any >rgantzed or 
officially sanctioned attae«s on Soviet/Czech psychotronl : resea-.ft, iut 
such critic loos as have been noted have appeared in State-sanctioned pub- 
lications. Continued nonltorlng of the Soviet and Czech press will he 
required In order to tlctcrnine whether or not the official attitude toward 
the science shifts. 


In the next 1 S years the Soviets and Czechs* will continue to i-muhas i zc 
para^svcholoKlcal research. Such research will, of necessity, involve tre 
further development of Appropriate instrumental Ion lot th* detection and 


September 1975 

Identification of the biological energy internal to the human body and 
it* Interaction* with living or inanimate object* »t a distance. The 
cyborc. aspect* (coup I ins of hucan inductor* uith physical pNychot route 
device*) will continue to be enphasircd. During thi* tloe frane. re- 
search vl 11 progress free, instrumentation development to ompuicr 
assisted mathematical nodding of biological energy intern t ions. In 
order to establish a basis for such nodding, experimental techniques 
which can be controlled and replicated will be developed. Til*, in turn, 
will lead to the even tux l iaprovenent of research on paranjraal piu-noncna 
• lace they will be nade Increasingly nore producible and predictable. 

The Soviets are known to be involved In development of inferential 

aurcewne and c^plex system noddling (IHCSM) technic:**.-*'- 0 IMCSM 

1* especially adapted for application to the examination .ml stud) ■{ nany 
objects, especially those with nany latcnctfng parrs, ev,n when the be- 
havior of the objects arc partly or oostly determined by leaturcs of which 
the researcher is unaware or which he cannot observe. Soviet parapsychology 
research would probably be an local subject for the appliration of the IMCSM 
technique. If IMCSM i» applied, the likelihood of a Soviet breakthrough 
in parapsychology Is greatly increased- The Soviets are leaders in devd- 
opnent ol this technique and will probably apply it to parapsychology 




1 ; , a 

September 1975 



t. Information is needed oo the effects Nina Milaglna. All* 

Vinogradov*, and other Soviet psychics exert on magnetic tapes. 

2. More Information is needed on Robert Pavllta's psyehot ronlc 
generators. Tavlici was quoted as having stated he intended to 
obtain foreign patents on his devices in 1974. after which lie would 
publicly divulge tac details ol their construction and op< ration. In- 
formation is needed on such patent applications and on P.« lita's explan- 
ations of their coasts. ctloo and operation. 

3. More information 1* needed oo the circuitry and tespense charac- 
teristics of current or proposed Soviet or Csech biologic; 1 energy detec- 
tion instruments. Such information is needed on Instruments utilized for 
ncanurcraentx at the cellular level and at the total body level. 

U. Inforuttlon is needed on the status of Soviet ccllulav radiation 

research. Present information indicates that they hove Ucntified ultra- 
violet (IV) radiation as enc electromagnetic (EH) carrier or transfer 
mechanist* from cell to cell. More information on this research is needed 
in order to determine whether it is fortuitous in regard to Soviet para- 
psychology research, or is an integral part of it. 

5. • Information Is needed on the extent of Soviet mass-screening for 
identifying psychic citizens. Does the Soviet military hnve screening 
programs. And If so. which branches of tcrvlcc are involved? If such 
screening prograa* exist, are thev ccnductc-d by psychological testing, 

or by direct observation of abilities 'o influence simple Instruments 
such as those developed by che Czechs? 

6. « Ther< are Indications that the official attitude concerning para- 
psychology Is changing in the Soviet Union and Chechoslovakia. Infor- 
mation is needed concerning the basis for the apparent ctu.nges In official 

7. Is there any evidence of clandestine use by the l-ovirts of appar- 
ently elect roeacne tic or electrcst.itic devices .lf.aiust pe t Sonne 1, equip- 
ment, or radio and television stations.' 



• - p 





September 19*5 

1. ITS Sit - Affiliation Known. 

MockD, V.C.; Moscow Institute of iUdlophyGlca 

Bleykher, V.K. ; Bckhterev Brain Institute, University of I«ningrad 
Dubrov. A.; Institute of Earth Physic USSR Aca<les>y of S« lence» 
Culyaiev. P.; Rekhtercv Brain Institute. Ualverslcy of Le» in B rad 
Iayushln, V.; Kazakh University, Al»*-ata 
JUznacheyev. V.; University of Novosibirsk 

Kbolodov, Y.A.; Institute of .ligher Nervous Activity and tle-jrophysiolctf , 
USSR Acadeny of Sciences, Moscow 

Leootlev, A.N. ; Soviet Acidcwy of Pedagogical Sciences 

Uwv, B.F. ; Soviec Acadusy of PedJRORlcal Sciences 

Lurla, A.R. ; Soviet Acadnsy of Pedagogical Sciences 

Hlkbailova, L. ; University of Novosibirsk 

Hnumov, E.K.; formerly of the Institute of Technical Para .aychology , 

Nikolayev, K. ; Biolnforoacloa Section of the A.S. Popov Atl-Unlon 

Scientific and Technical Society of Radio Technology 
end Electrical Cocnunicationa, Moscow 

Pavlova. L. ; Physiology of Labor Laboratory. University of Leningrad 
Pushkin. V. ; Moscow University 

Sergeyev. C.A. ; A. A. Uktcmaktl Physiological Institute 
Shchurln. S. ; University of Novosibirsk 




DST-1810S- 387-75 
September 1975 

Saszhnevsky , A. : Serbskiy Institute of Forensic Psychological Expertise 
Zlgel, F. ; Moscow Institute of Aviation 

Zlnchcnko. V.P. ; Soviet Acaceny of Pcdagogi ca I Sciences 

2. USSR - Af filiation fnknown 
Arvsshkln. A.; Moscow (psychic sub Jeer) 
ErsoLiyev, B. ; Moscow (psychic subject) 
Kazhlnsky, E.B. 

Kulsgina. K. : Moscow (psychic subject) 
Kullo. Yc.T. ; Minsk 
Xauawv, P. 

Porniw, Ye. ; Sverdlovsk 
Prexnan. A.S. 
Scrov, S. ; Sverdlovsk 
Sysoletln, A.; (psychic subject) 
Sysolettn, L. ; (psychic subjf.t) 
Troskin, A.; Sverdlovsk 

Vinogradov**, A. ; Moscow ( subject) 

3. Czechoslovakia - Affl'.laooo Known 

Bradna- J.; Xeurolocy Oepartnen.-. Okies Institute of Public Health. 
Kutna Hora. Czechoslovakia 

Kahuda, F. ; Charles University, Pr»Ru~. Czechoslovakia 

knoessky. J.; Chair of Physics, Pedagogical Institute. Trnava. 

Pavlila. R. ; probable at f i I i iition , Hradee Krlloie University. Prag-ie. 




September 1975 

tollc*. J.; probable *f filiation. Hradec KrAlote University, Fr*gue. 

Ee«dak. Z. ; P 8 ychotronlc Renearch Section. Crechoelovaktan Society for 
Science and Technology 

4. CzrchQ8>ov»HJ ~ At fi liation Unknown 

Cernous<:k. K. ; Prague 

Mlta. M.C. 

Resek, P. ; Prague 

Wolf. J.; Prague 



(ftcverat- Blank) 



Srptrabcr 1975 


... WO 

Y- ~'n£ 



1. JFXS 55557. 28 Karch 1972 (UNCLASSIFIED) . 

2. ST-CS-01-169-72. July 1972. PP 21-22 (SEC8ET) ■ 

3. JPSS L/S022-2. 6 Se P te-b«r Ml*, Volu»e I. P 111 (UNCI ASS I F1ED) . 

4. 0?. clc. (2). p *».. 

5. Ostrartdcr. S. and Schroeder. L. . fsvchlc Dlacovortoa !trh(od thf_.1 roti 
Cm tain. Prentice-Hall. Cnglevood Clllla. W. 1970 (L*C1A.'.SIF)ED) . 

6. rtyeUic, Kay/Juoe 197*. P 51 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

/. zinchfnko. V.P.. Leootiov, A.S. , Lo*©-». B.F. . and Uir a. A.R.. 
ParapT,yfhoIogy ; Fiction or Rc aU.y. Question* of Phllo»o;*y, VoliM 27, 
1973. pp 128-136 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

8. Kcv Scientist. Volu»* 65. No. 936, 13 February 1975. i-p 3C7-398 


9. 5FBS 61662. 4 April 1974 ('INCLASSmED) . 

10. JPRS 60883. 28 Decrab«r 1973. p 71 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

11. Kazhinakly. B.B. , Bl olo^lchiakava Radloavynt . Kiev. 1962 (IMC .U.St PIED). 

12. Bradna. J.. Dtst-int Energy Mvotrannfrr . presented at the 1st Conference 
ot» Faychotronlc Research, Prague. 1973 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

13. Kholorfov, Y.A. . Invo-it ton of th* Direct F.ffrct of le -i*ld« 
on the Contral Xcrvom Sy^cn . presented at u.e 1st Conference oft Pa/cho- 
tronlc Keaearch. Prague. 19/3 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

1*. JPRS 64228, 4 March 1975 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

15. Op. clr. (2). 

16. Ko*an. I.H.. l a Telcpath-, Po-;<!blc . tUdiotckhnlka, Valine 21. Nj. 1. 
pp 8-14. 1966 (UNCLASSIFIED) . 

17. Vasllev, L.L. . Tclc * ur.*f -it l"n . P& 158-159, Hoacow, 1962 (l^CLAS^IFIFD) . 


DST-t8iOS- 3117-75 
Scpterter 1975 


i^Mr (if 
.v..', jj,vtj"5| 

• ■ 

18, Vaaliev, L.L. , Mysterious Hiinonna of the Hunan Payc hr, p 155, 
Koocov. 19V. (VXCIASSIFIED). 

19. Zlgcl, r. . Telepathy, a Sconce for the Future . Kaukn 1 Rcllglya. 
Ko. 3. p 35. 1966 '.^CLASSIFIED). 

JO. Paroov. Ye.. The Hcfrlna - Why Sot . Nmika I **U K ly.- . Ko. 3, 
pp 48-49. 1966 UNCLASSIFIED). 

21. Kogan, . Telepathy, "yrothesen and Observations . KadlotckhniLa, 
Velinw 22. Ho. 1. pp 95-*9, 1*67 ('^CLASSIFIED). 

22 . Xogan . I.H. . I nfo.-raat lonal Analysis ot F-»pirlafgca li : TrlepathT 
C^w.ntc.tUn . Radiotek*»nik». Volus* 23. No. 3. pp 87-92. 19b8 (^CLASSIFIED). 

23. Vellnov, I.. He cent Soviet Experiments In Telepathy . Foreign Science 
Bulletin. Voluse 4, No. 8, pp 17-13. 19od (UXCLASSIFltO). 

2*. Kuuchall, V., The Present Sr.ittw of Research In ^ cl. -palhv in ti e 
Scvlet L :i>CTi. Foreign Srltnce Bulletin, Volns* 4, :;o. o. ji 1U, 1»68 


25. Rczf&, P. . The Obvlois and :;f.inb»lou» Nature of Tcifiathlc fhfm -»cn.i 
In Scientific 1 nveat taat Icbi . pretcntcd a' the 1st Coc'cro >cc oo Hsyclio- 
troolo Research, Prague. 1973 (U LASStFlED). 

26. Kirxa, M.C. . Nauka 1 Rcllglya, No. 1, 1967 (UNCLASSI f l£li). 

27. Scr<eycv, C.A. , Soex Herhodo logical Probleaa of Para '»ychology . 
Telepatle as Jaanovidoost, 1970 (JP.1S L/4922, 3 June 1974) (^NCLASSiriEO) . 

78. Scr*eyev, C.A. . I f oblei-a In rr.e Application of the Aulysls of 
Band on r. a . Suvlct Radio Publishing llooae, 1968 (ITCLAiSlFlED). 

29. Wolf. J.. A P sycho tronlc Sad«-I of Man , presented at the 1st Conference 
on Psychotronlc kesearcj. rra 6 ue, I?i3 (^CLASSIFIED). 

30. OnouseV. M. .«»'ve Nature o* the Telepat h ic V iir.i^ : .nn , 
presented ar the *st Conference on Psychotropic f^acaich. I'r.i./jc, 19/3 

31 . Kr j )ak , Z . . Psychotropics BevcJla Xg * IV- •> 1 b 1 11 C Irs f..r Crberne Mci , 
presetted at the 1st Conference or. Psychotrcnlc K;ac-rch. Prague. IW3 

22. JPRS S./4793, No. 7f.4 . 28 January 1*74 (UNCLASSIFIF.D). 


September 19 7 S 

33. Kahuda, F. , Mental Time and Psychotropics , presented ac the 1st 
Conference on Psychotropic Kescarch, Prague. 1973 (UNCLASSIFIED I . 

3*. Jolre, p., Or la Suc_e.r*tlnn Mentalc- . AiwiU dea Sciences Psychlqucs, 
Bo. 4, 1897 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

33. VMilcv, L.L. , Experiment*! Studies of Mental Sur.gcsi Ion . 1962 

36. Thai Su Juan Star, Sunday. 20 April 1975. p 25 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

37. Ull-tan. Montague. I' K In the Soviet Ihilon . lepartocnt of Psychiatry. 
Halaonid--a Medical Center. Brooklyn. NY, Personal Commlcatlon (UNCLASSIFIED). 

38. Adanenko. Viktor C. . So^ e Prnhl.-wt of nlolnp.leil Elc« trortvn.valcr ^nd 
Ftycho-cn.r/.rtic.« . presented at die 1st Conlerence on Fsycitotrua.c kcicjrch, 
Prague. ;973 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

39. Dubrov, Alcksandr. Mo^ravltat ton, prefer ted at the 1st Confcrerce. 
on Faych«trooic Research, Prague, (UNCLASSIFIED). 

40. national Enquirer. 25 March 197S (UNCLASSIFIED). 

41. Kn&-*aky. Julius. O n ihc I of «n '.'r-knc*.n Field , presented al the 
lat Conference on Tsychotronic nvscarcli, Prague, 1973 (UMCLASSIFICD) . 

42. SRI. Ko. ISH 73-146. : October 1973, p 13 (UNCLASSIFIED). 

43. National Enquirer. January 1972, pp 8-9 (UNCLASSIFIED) . 

44. Ivj.hncnko, A.C. . "Polynoalal Theory of Complex System*." IEEF . 1 rans- 
actlons .>n Sy-»te-< . X. n and Cybernetics . Volume 1. No. 4, October 19*: 1, 

pp 364- 3/8 lUNCLASSiriLD). 

45. 7va«nncuko. A.C. . "Klbcrnetlchesklye Slstcoy S Coobliilrovannyo 
Upvaolenlyo*. (Cvbcm. t tc System mth Cocblned Control) . Isoniel 'stvo 
Tckhnlka, 1967 (CNCLASSI FILD) . 


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